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Christopher Columbus′ Voyage to the Americas

Christopher Columbus Essay

❶This paper exposes Italian explorer Christopher Columbus as a villain in six pages.

Historical context on the period and author

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Essay title: Christopher Columbus Biography

In three pages this paper examines Columbus's perspectives of Native Americans and the indigenous genocide that resulted from his This 3 page paper gives an overview of the writing of Christopher Columbus on his first discovery of America.

One of the ways in which Native Americans could see Columbus as a hero involves the simplicity of the man himself, in relationship In eight pages the New World meeting between Columbus's power wielding Europeans and the native inhabitants and how this changed c In five pages this paper discusses how symbolism is used in this otherwise conventional portrayal of Christopher Columbus's discov This paper exposes Italian explorer Christopher Columbus as a villain in six pages.

Nine sources are cited in the bibliography There are no other sources cited In five pages this research paper considers Columbus's early letters and how this correspondence reflects how the Europeans percei It would also elevate Spains own social status in the world.

Status and wealth were important considerations New to eCheat Create an Account! In January of Christopher obtained the support of Elizabeth and Ferdinand, after being rejected twice. The first sight of land came at dawn on October 12th from the Pinta Ship. Thinking he has reached the east Indies, Columbus referred to the native inhabitants of the Island as "Indians," a term often used to identify indigenous people of the New World.

There was little gold there and his exploration continued by sea to Ayti on December 6th, which Columbus renamed La Isla Espanola, or Hispaniola. He seemed to have thought Hispaniola was Japan, but in any case the land was rich in gold and other natural resources, and allowed Columbus to return to Spain in the spring of with riches enough to convince his sovereigns of his success.

Retrieved 12, , from https: Christopher Columbus Biography By: And that assertion points to the fact that the American continent was "…peopled by millions -- how many millions remains open to fierce controversy -- of men women and children centuries before the Genoan captain rashly undertook to prove that the world was smaller in circumference than it really was" Cornwell, et al. The so-called "discovery" of the Americas by Columbus was, in reality, "an invasion" by Europeans, Cornwell continues.

The results of the invasion were disastrous with virtually no "beneficial consequences" for the aborigines, Cornwell explains. There is no way of knowing how many Native Americans "perished from the exchange of microbes" between the Europeans and the native peoples, but other authors have catalogued the diseases brought from Europe once Columbus opened the floodgates.

The diseases that author Russell Thornton lists as having been brought from Europe include: The disease that killed more Native Americans than any other brought by Christopher Columbus and those that followed him from Europe was smallpox, according to Thornton The diseases Thornton references took a toll on Indian health but the diseases didn't just hit people and then disappear. Thornton explains that these diseases came, "they spread, and killed again and again and again" There might have been as many as ninety-three serious epidemics or even pandemics of pathogens from Europe that decimated Native Americans in time, thanks to Columbus opening the door to disaster for the Native Americans.

Meanwhile, Cornwell relates to the fact that after the Americas were "discovered" or invaded Native Americans were exploited by being put into forced labor -- further "facilitating their annihilation" -- until they were pushed aside so the African slaves brought over to the Americas could be put to work Cornwell, 1.

Given these rather dreary realities, Cornwell writes that it is "…easy to see how the commemoration of has become an embarrassment to many American historians" albeit some of those historians hope that "Columbus Day" will pass by quickly and no one will really notice or remark on the fraud that Columbus Day truly is Cornwell, p. Meanwhile history professor Lilian Handlin explains that times have truly changed in the sense that Columbus is not the revered and courageous explorer that he once was built up to be.

Handlin writes in the peer-reviewed journal The American Scholar that one early American writer had cast Columbus in the image of St. John and another had portrayed him as the "seer of Patmos. Further research by scholars presented a negative image of Columbus, and he was labeled a "genocidal maniac responsible for the atrocities" that were committed against native peoples at Guanahani Handlin, Given the emerging image of a man not worthy of all the accolades, a man apparently responsible for hideous crimes against native peoples, the National Council of Churches declared a "year of prayer and lamentation" in , fifty years after Columbus apparently landed near the American soil Handlin, By , enough was known about Columbus, Handlin continues, that he came to symbolize "…colonialism, imperialism, pallocentrism, and elitism"; indeed, he became the "archetypal proponent of patriarchy and ecocide, a rapist who destroyed a gentler, nature-friendly, communal, peace-loving, and stateless culture" Handlin, The author explains that Columbus has become a "…cross between a baby-seal poacher and Adolf Eichmann" Handlin explains that from the year to , Columbus was what she calls "an irrelevancy to whom no one paid much attention"; however, in the second half of the s, things changed "dramatically" Columbus' reputation became "sterling" and he became an icon and a symbol of great discovery.


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Christopher Columbus found a new world and jumpstarted an age of exploration like no other. After he found the Americas there was massive colonization, giant trade increases and more resources such as gold and silver were being surfaced.

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Research Paper Examples - Christopher Columbus′ Voyage to the Americas. Christopher Columbus -- a Hero? Or Not. The legacy of Christopher Columbus -- in many people's minds -- entails bravery, heroism, courage and resolve.