Lower case roman numerals iii, iv, v, vi, etc. Beginning with page 1 of Chapter I, Arabic numbers are used and are continuous through the last page including all appendices. Page numbers for all pages in the chapter, including the first page of each chapter or major section, should be placed three quarters of an inch from the top or bottom edge of the paper centered between the margins. You are required to follow that format exactly. You should include a copyright page with your name and copyright date in the middle of the page, centered left to right between the margins and top to bottom.
Please note that the copyright date is the year of your degree conferral. The copyright page is page ii of the pages preceding the text the title page is understood to be page i , but no number should appear on either the title page or the copyright page. Because a dissertation does not have an index, your Table of Contents should be as comprehensive as possible.
Include all headings and subheadings, exactly as they appear in the text, up to and including Level 2. Including lower level headings is optional.
See sample Table of Contents in the next section. Note that the indentation of a heading used in the Table of Contents corresponds to the level of the heading. The following illustrates this:. You should supply the reader with lists of tables, figures, and any other illustrative material used in your dissertation. See the sample lists in the next section. Lists of musical examples or reproductions of art, or information about films, follow the same form as that used for lists of tables and figures.
Headings within the chapter should indicate the weight you assign to particular ideas by the form of headings suggested in the style manual you have selected or the form suggested below.
Leave three blank lines i. If one heading immediately follows another, leave only one blank line a double space between the two. Leave one blank line a double space after each heading. Capitalize the first letter of each word of headings except for articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. The following is one way in which to order headings and to type them. Be sure that no heading appears at the bottom of a page without at least two lines of text beneath it.
The Table of Contents will contain all Level 1 and Level 2 headings exactly as they appear in the text. It is not necessary to include Level 3 or lower-level headings in the Table of Contents, but you may if it provides the reader with more useful information. Chapter numbers are upper case roman numerals with no period , e. All other items requiring numbers should have Arabic numbers. Appendices, should be designated by capital letters, e. Use numbers or letters for other items only when necessary.
Use 1 in the text and 1. If items in a numbered list run onto two or more lines, you may let the additional lines begin at the margin or indent the entire paragraph to the right of the numbers.
Numbers beginning a sentence, as well as numbers below 10 or, if you prefer, 12 should be spelled out when they appear within the text. If a table, appendix, illustration, or graph is too wide or long, or both, to fit within the specified margins, have it reduced, or if textual material, type it using a smaller font. Whenever possible, avoid inserting tables which must be read by turning the book sideways. If such a table is necessary, be sure to insert it with the heading to the spine or binding.
You may also use a condensed typeface. For style guides other than APA, if you have more than one work by the same author, do not repeat his or her name over and over. Use ten underscore characters, ending with a period if the author is exactly the same as the previous one, or with a comma if the author is the first of a series of new authors, as shown below.
Single space the entry; double space between entries. Indent the second and subsequent lines one-half inch. An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph. Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management by Kasai, Aya, M. Title in italics Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice Doctoral dissertation.
Title in italics Master's thesis. Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management Master's thesis. The city, state, or country of the publisher. Depending on the style, you may or may not need this information. Abbreviation tagged on to the end of a name that provides additional information about a person. This includes suffixes like Jr. The title is what the work you are citing is called. If there is no title, some styles ask for a description of the source instead.
It is how you find a page on the internet; the address of the web page.
Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university. Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university. Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database Structure: Last, F.M. (Date published). Title (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from database name.
Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles. Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title. If the paper was retrieved through a library database, give the .
Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. ) Thesis/Dissertation – Institutional Database (i.e. University website) For U.S. thesis do . APA citation style doesn’t have to be difficult when writing a dissertation in APA format, custom APA style dissertation assistance is here for you. When you use our service you aren’t just buying a custom dissertation in APA style, you are getting the best online APA style dissertation assistance available.
Doctoral dissertation / master's thesis title: Investigating oral presentation skills and non-verbal communication techniques in UAE classrooms: A thesis in teaching English to speakers of other languages. 3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA 1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference? The majority of dissertations done at institutions in the United States and Canada – including CIIS – and some dissertations from institutions in other countries are published through ProQuest/UMI.