Quick Answer Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. What Are the Three Theories of Sociology? Full Answer Deductive reasoning uses a top-down approach.
Learn more about Social Sciences. What Is Theoretical Framework? You May Also Like Q: What Are Types of Social Behavior? Through this article let us examine the differences between the two types of research, inductive and deductive research.
The inductive research aims at creating new knowledge. This usually begins with an area of interest for the researcher. The researcher creates a research problem from this selected field and develops research questions. He then attempts to find data through his observations. A researcher can rely on various research methods in order to gather data for his research questions. This can be interview method or observation method , or any other.
In the analytical stage, the researcher attempts to search for patterns from the data. In the final stage of the inductive research, the researcher builds the theory using his data and the identified patterns. This highlights that in inductive research a bottom-up approach is being used. Grounded theory by Glaser and Strauss can be considered as a fine example of the inductive approach in research. For example, math is deductive:. As a matter of fact, formal, symbolic logic uses a language that looks rather like the math equality above, complete with its own operators and syntax.
But a deductive syllogism think of it as a plain-English version of a math equality can be expressed in ordinary language:. If entropy disorder in a system will increase unless energy is expended, And if my living room is a system, Then disorder will increase in my living room unless I clean it. In the syllogism above, the first two statements, the propositions or premises , lead logically to the third statement, the conclusion. Here is another example:. A medical technology ought to be funded if it has been used successfully to treat patients.
Adult stem cells are being used to treat patients successfully in more than sixty-five new therapies. Adult stem cell research and technology should be funded. A conclusion is sound true or unsound false , depending on the truth of the original premises for any premise may be true or false. At the same time, independent of the truth or falsity of the premises, the deductive inference itself the process of "connecting the dots" from premise to conclusion is either valid or invalid.
The inferential process can be valid even if the premise is false:. There is no such thing as drought in the West. California is in the West. California need never make plans to deal with a drought. In the example above, though the inferential process itself is valid, the conclusion is false because the premise, There is no such thing as drought in the West , is false. A syllogism yields a false conclusion if either of its propositions is false.
A syllogism like this is particularly insidious because it looks so very logical—it is, in fact, logical. But whether in error or malice, if either of the propositions above is wrong, then a policy decision based upon it California need never make plans to deal with a drought probably would fail to serve the public interest.
Assuming the propositions are sound, the rather stern logic of deductive reasoning can give you absolutely certain conclusions.
In sociology, inductive and deductive reasoning guide two different approaches to conducting research. Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning Two Different Approaches to Scientific Research. Share Flipboard Email Most social research, however, involves both inductive and deductive reasoning throughout the research process. The scientific norm.
Sociology Methods. Sociology exam 1. STUDY. PLAY. Inductive vs Deductive. deductive reasoning is when you form a hypothesis and do research do decide if its right or wrong, inductive is when you do research and take your analysis to form the hypothesis. Quantitative vs Qualitative.
Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. Deductive research works from the more general to the more specific, and inductive research works from more specific observations to more general theories. Deductive. Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive (e.g., an experiment designed to test the hypothesized effects of some treatment on some outcome), most social research involves both inductive and deductive reasoning processes.
This lesson explores the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning in the form of psychological experiments. Intro to Sociology is the risk of only looking for research that. This is “Inductive or Deductive? Two Different Approaches”, Inductive or Deductive? Two Different Approaches. Learning Objectives. research often becomes evident to students new to these topics when they consider the relationships between theory and research in inductive and deductive approaches to research. In both cases.