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Charlemagne

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❶Charlemagne is best know as 'Charles the Great' Charlemagne relied upon a combination of military offensives against the Saxons and the missionary activities of Benedictine monks finally to pacify this belligerent tribe.

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Boussard 92 The Church also guided Charlemagne's hand as a ruler, for he took on many conquests as a necessity to spread the Christian religion throughout Europe. Ganshoff 19 Indeed, it appears that Charlemagne's desire to spread his kingdom and government was intertwined with his desire to spread the Christian religion and have the people live according to the Word of God.

At the beginning of the Carolingian dynasty the Church was suffering from many problems. Paganistic peoples, a degradation of the Latin language, and the decline of power of the Pope or Papacy all contributed to the need for a leader to bring about reformation.

Charles Martel, Pepin, and ultimately Charlemagne all took as their personal responsibility the reorganization of the Church. Each one, as king of the Franks, saw it his duty to better the state of his churches.

Ganshoff Charlemagne, through the monasteries and ultimately the "Palace School", required all priests to learn classic Latin. His purpose was to insure that church services were always conducted in the proper form, with correct pronunciation and grammar. The education of the priests also served to provide Charlemagne with a growing number of educated people for his administration, and gave his kingdom a unified written language that could be passed on throughout all of Western Europe.

The Papacy had been reduced to controlling only a small portion of land around Rome, and was under constant aggression from the Lombards. Pope Hadrian I in appealed to Charlemagne to help rebuff the Lombards, and in the winter of that year in a short and decisive campaign, the Lombards were defeated.

Charlemagne then added "King of the Lombards" to his title, and gave control of the northern part of Italy to the Pope. Power in Carolingian society was based on land ownership, also known as Feudalism. Charlemagne knew that he must have the allegiance of the people to himself, the King. To accomplish this, he looked back to the seventh century, and instituted an oath of fidelity - a promise to do nothing that would endanger the king or his sons or the royal power.

The feudal monarchy created by Charlemagne had two definite characteristics: It created a direct, personal link between the subject and the king. But more important still, anyone who broke it became guilty not only of infidelitas but also of perjury; if his infidelity was not great enough to attract the death penalty, he could still be condemned to lose his right hand as a perjurer, and what was more, in religious terms he had placed himself in a state of mortal sin.

Once again, an example of the minimal separation of Church and State. Charlemagne recognized the importance of education, not only of spreading it throughout his kingdom, but also of learning for himself the ability to read and write Latin and Greek.

His desire for personal knowledge, and to educate the people, lead him to found the "Palace School" at his home, Aix-La-Chapelle. To staff his school, Charlemagne turned to the monasteries.

During the Dark Ages preceding the Carolingian dynasty, only the monks had maintained the ability to read and write. They had over the years, however, misprinted many of the books of the Bible. Charlemagne asked the monk, Alcuin, to head the school, and commissioned him to correct the texts that had been copied incorrectly. The schools begun by Charlemagne were primarily for the education of the priests, but were open to all people.

Charlemagne's Admonitio generalis stressed the importance of education for everyone. Many of the scholars brought to the Palace School were foreigners: Italians, Spaniards, and Irish, but there were also some Franks. Holmes Charlemagne saw it his duty to create a center for science, art and literature, and to spearhead a cultural revolution in Western Europe.

Charlemagne himself joined the school, attended classes, and fulfilled his scholarly duties. Bulfinch He was known to be fluent in speech, and able to eloquently express himself. He mastered Latin and Greek, but he could not speak Greek as well as he could understand it. Charlemagne studied grammar, rhetoric, dialects and astronomy as well. He tried to write, but since he began late in life he was not very successful. Halsall 25 He also saw that his sons and daughters attended classes, as well as learning traditional Frankish traditions of riding and hunting for the boys, and cloth-making for the girls.

The education system used by Charlemagne's scholars was suprisingly like that of Classic Greek and Roman scholars. A text would be read by a student or teacher, accompanied by an explanation. Then there would be discussion of the material following the proper analytical reasoning of the time. This method of teaching was responsible for generations of students learning to discipline their thoughts, and formed the minds of several leaders who lived in Charlemagne's day, and under the kings who followed.

As King or Emperor, one of Charlemagne's primary responsibilities was to regulate laws and trade within the boundaries of the Franks. He accomplished many goals that would set the stage for the growth of Medieval Europe.

The latter two in particular fought long, hard campaigns either with their father or on his behalf. In less troublesome areas in the interior of his lands Charlemagne posted counts to keep the peace, administer imperial laws, and protect the realm. To ensure the loyalty of these and other top officials Charlemagne created the office of the missi dominici, whose duty it was to ride circuit throughout the realm inquiring as to the honesty and efficiency of his royal officials.

Religion aside, he respected the traditions, tribal laws, and rights of the various Germanic peoples under his authority, and rather than replace tribal laws, he sought to codify them in writing. He did however issue a number of imperial laws called capitularies, which laid out regulations for his own royal officials or administrators or which touched upon religious issues.

Historians have long acknowledged the important role that Christianity and the institutional church played in enabling Charlemagne to maintain a firm hold on both his throne and his empire. His conquest and eventual integration of Saxony into his empire are illustrative in this regard. Charlemagne relied upon a combination of military offensives against the Saxons and the missionary activities of Benedictine monks finally to pacify this belligerent tribe. In he issued a series of laws forbidding the practice of pagan religion among the Saxons, with harsh penalties for those caught transgressing.

The overall effect of these measures was slowly to saturate Saxon tribal culture with the religion and culture that Charlemagne endorsed. Please enter your password. Get instant access to over , papers. FULL access to essays database.

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Gisela was a nun, so she lived in a convent, but Bertrada lived with Charlemagne Charlemagne is best know as 'Charles the Great'


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Charlemagne (Also known as Charles the Great, Charles I, Karl der Grosse, and Carolus Magnus.) King of the Franks () and Emperor of the Western World ().

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- Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church.

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Sep 30,  · The Countless Lives of Charlemagne Essay Words | 5 Pages famous work about Charlemagne is a book entitled The Two Lives of Charlemagne which consists of two separate biographies published into one book and tells the story of Charlemagne's life as . Charlemagne and The Carolingian Empire Essay April, 4, Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire A major part of European history is the building of France. Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire was major factor in the rise to modern France and a huge part of it history.

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Charlemagne Essay Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was born the eldest son of Pepin the Short, king of the Franks (–), and his wife, Bertrada of Laon. Upon his father’s death the Frankish kingdom was divided between Charlemagne and his younger brother Carloman in Charlemagne Essay Words | 6 Pages. Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great and Charles I, was not only a king of France, but a commanding historical figure. Charlemagne is believed to have been born sometime around the year