Writing a critical paper requires two steps: Identify the author's thesis and purpose Analyze the structure of the passage by identifying all main ideas Consult a dictionary or encyclopedia to understand material that is unfamiliar to you Make an outline of the work or write a description of it Write a summary of the work Determine the purpose which could be To inform with factual material To persuade with appeal to reason or emotions To entertain to affect people's emotions Evaluate the means by which the author has accomplished his purpose If the purpose is to inform, has the material been presented clearly, accurately, with order and coherence?
If the purpose is to persuade, look for evidence, logical reasoning, contrary evidence If the purpose was to entertain, determine how emotions are affected: Why did it affect you?
Consider the following questions: How is the material organized? Who is the intended audience? What are the writer's assumptions about the audience?
What kind of language and imagery does the author use? Background information to help your readers understand the nature of the work A. Information about the work 1. Statement of topic and purpose B. Thesis statement indicating writer's main reaction to the work II. Summary or description of the work III. Discussion of the work's organization B.
Discussion of the work's style C. Discussion of the topic's treatment E. Discussion of appeal to a particular audience Remember: Avoid introducing your ideas by stating "I think" or "in my opinion. Works meant to entertain generally rely on pathos. Logos is an attempt to use logic and reason to sway a reader's perspective or opinion. Ethos is an appeal to credibility. An author who explains why he or she should be trusted based on personal, professional, or academic merit is using ethos. Evaluate how well the author conveyed meaning.
Determine how effective the author's appeals were from your own perspective as a reader. Ask yourself if you had an emotional response to an emotional appeal. Did you become happy, upset, or angry at any point?
If so, ask yourself why. Determine if the author's attempts at logic and reason were enough to change your mind. Also ask yourself if the material was clear, accurate, and cohesive. Ask yourself if you believe the author to be credible.
Determine why or why not. Choose several noteworthy areas to analyze. For a critical review, you will usually focus on how effective an author's appeals at pathos, logos, or ethos were.
You can focus on one area if it appears stronger than the others, or you could look at two or three appeal types as they apply to a particular main idea used in the work.
Alternatively, you can examine the author's overall ability at making his or her point. Your analysis can examine how well the author's research was performed, how cohesive the work is as a whole, how the author's use of structure and organization impacted the work, and other similar matters that stand out to you.
Divide each major point into a separate paragraph. No matter which areas you choose to write about, each major thought should be given its own paragraph. For more complex ideas, you may need to expand your discussion into several paragraphs. Balance the positive and negative. If your critique includes more positive elements than negative, begin with the negative before defending the article with the positive. If your critique includes more negative opinions than positive, identify the positive elements first before defending your opposition with the negative.
If you have both negative and positive remarks to make about the same point or aspect, you can write a mixed paragraph that reflects this. To do so, you will usually end up stating the positive aspect first before explaining why the idea is limited. Identify any controversies surrounding the topic. If the author chose to write about a disputable matter, include information about the other side of the issue and explain how the author did or did not succeed in arguing against it.
This is especially significant when specific points or issues from the other side are mentioned directly in the article. Even if the author did not specifically mention opposing opinions, you can still mention common oppositions in your critical analysis.
Explain why the topic is relevant. Convince the reader of your essay that he or she should care. Let the reader know that the topic is relevant by contemporary standards.
An article can be considered relevant if the subject has implications for the current day and age, but it can also be relevant if a notable writer or thinker is the author. Avoid turning the focus inward. Even though much of this is subjective, you should keep your tone academic instead of personal. Avoid phrases like "I think" or "in my opinion. By identifying something as your own personal opinion, you actually end up weakening them in an academic sense.
Do not focus on summary. You need to provide enough summary about the work for your critique to have sensible context, but the majority of the essay should still contain your thoughts rather than the author's thoughts. Introduce the work being analyzed. Include both bibliographical information and more in-depth information.
Specify the title of the work, the type of work it is, the author's name, and the field or genre the work addresses.
Include information about the context in which the article was written. Clearly state the author's purpose or thesis. The overall introduction should only consume roughly 10 percent of your paper's total length. Include your own thesis. Your thesis should be a brief statement that summarizes your overall evaluation of the work being critiqued.
A thesis that is both positive and negative is common for a critical review, but it can also be strictly positive or strictly negative. Note that your thesis statement is technically part of your introduction. Quickly sum up the key points the author of the original article mentioned in his or her defense. You can provide a limited number of examples, but be brief.
Overall, the summary should take up no more than one-third of your essay's body. Less is usually preferred. You can also briefly describe how the text is organized. Break into your critique. The critical analysis itself should form the majority of the body and should conform to the guidelines mentioned. The analysis plus the summary should form roughly 80 percent of the overall essay.
Each separate idea should be addressed in its own paragraph. Conclude with your final judgment. In your concluding paragraph, clearly restate your thesis or overall opinion of the analyzed work. You should also use this space to briefly present recommendations on how the analyzed work could be improved. Improvements can include ideas, appeals, and research approach. The conclusion should only take up about 10 percent of the overall paper.
A critical analysis essay is best defined as an academic paper designed to understand a certain written work. This kind of writing is subjective because a writer has to express personal opinions and share an experience as evaluation.
The purpose for writing a critique is to evaluate somebody's work (a book, an essay, a movie, a painting) in order to increase the reader's understanding of it. A critical analysis is subjective writing because it expresses the writer's opinion or evaluation of a text.
A critical analysis essay is a type of academic paper which demonstrates a student’s ability to analyze a piece of literature or cinematography. That is why college and high school lecturers assign this type of written task quite often. HOW TO WRITE A LITERARY ANALYSIS ESSAY The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to carefully examine and sometimes evaluate a work of literature or an aspect of a work of literature.
Critical Analysis Template In a critical analysis essay, your essay. Introduction Summary The • • Analysis -Conclusion Remember critical analysis should be fun! This is your chance to say what you think about a piece, but you must back up your opinions with supporting arguments and specific details from the text. A critical analysis paper asks the writer to make an argument about a particular book, essay, movie, etc. The goal is two fold: one, identify and explain the argument that the author is making, and two.