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Descriptive Research Design: Definition, Example & Types

Definition

❶Survey research allows for anonymous access into the thought processes and behaviors of a target group of people by asking them to report this information themselves.

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Definition As the name implies, descriptive research methods are used when the researcher wants to describe specific behavior as it occurs in the environment. Observation Observational research involves, well, observing. Case Study Another type of descriptive research method is called a case study.

Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Survey Last but not least is survey research. Lesson Summary Descriptive research can be used to increase understanding and knowledge about the behavior and thought processes of people. Key Terms Descriptive research: Define descriptive research Identify the three types of descriptive research Discuss examples of descriptive research.

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First Name Name is required. Last Name Name is required. Phone Number Don't worry. Of course, both naturalistic and laboratory observation are important in regard to the advancement of scientific knowledge. Case study research involves an in-depth study of an individual or group of indviduals. Case studies often lead to testable hypotheses and allow us to study rare phenomena. Case studies should not be used to determine cause and effect, and they have limited use for making accurate predictions.

There are two serious problems with case studies — expectancy effects and atypical individuals. Describing atypical individuals may lead to poor generalizations and detract from external validity. In survey method research, participants answer questions administered through interviews or questionnaires. After participants answer the questions, researchers describe the responses given. In order for the survey to be both reliable and valid it is important that the questions are constructed properly.

Questions should be written so they are clear and easy to comprehend. Another consideration when designing questions is whether to include open-ended, closed-ended, partially open-ended, or rating-scale questions for a detailed discussion refer to Jackson, Advantages and disadvantages can be found with each type:.

Open-ended questions allow for a greater variety of responses from participants but are difficult to analyze statistically because the data must be coded or reduced in some manner. Closed-ended questions are easy to analyze statistically, but they seriously limit the responses that participants can give.

In addition to the methods listed above some individuals also include qualitative as a distinct method and archival methods when discussing descriptive research methods. It is important to emphasize that descriptive research methods can only describe a set of observations or the data collected. It cannot draw conclusions from that data about which way the relationship goes — Does A cause B, or does B cause A? Nothing could be further from the truth. Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach 3rd edition.

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Start studying Research Methods. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Descriptive research methods quizlet A topic such as seeing, quizlet research descriptive methods hearing, and tasting. Correlational research is exempt or else will approve the proposal is as though she were the educational trick played by the cynicism of the random effect variable. Civiiberties scores in reading, writing, and mathematics.