What claims does the author make? Why do they sound good? Is it the logic, the sources, the writing, the structure? Is it something else? What evidence does the author present to you? Why does the evidence sound credible? Is the logic sound or faulty, and why?
Why is the logic sound? Brainstorm your own ideas. Sure, you can use the arguments of others to back up what you want to say. However, you need to come up with your original spin on the topic to make it uniquely yours. Make lists of ideas. You can also try mind mapping. Walk in your neighborhood or local park and think about your topic. Be prepared for ideas to come to you when you least expect them. Write your thesis statement. Look at the ideas that you generated. Choose one to three of your strongest ideas that support your topic.
You should be able to support these ideas with evidence from your research. Write a thesis statement that summarizes the ideas that you plan to present.
Essentially, let the reader know where you're going, why, and how you will get there. A thesis statement should have a narrow focus include both your topic and what you plan to present. For example, "Although Eli Whitney's cotton gin ushered in a new era of American prosperity, it also widened the gap in suffering for African-American slaves, who would soon be more in demand, and more exploited, than ever. Take the thoughts that you brainstormed and assemble them into an outline.
Write a topic sentence for your main ideas. Then, underneath, make bullet points and list your supporting evidence. Generally, you want three arguments or pieces of evidence to support each main idea. In , after the cotton gin had been adopted, slaves totaled about 1. Write the body of your essay. You do want to think about length here; don't write pages and pages if your teacher wants 5 paragraphs. However, you should freewrite to let your thoughts reveal themselves.
You can always make them more concise later. Don't use "I" statements such as "I think. Simply stating your argument with supporting facts makes you sound much more authoritative. Instead of writing, "I found Frum to have a conservative bias," tell the reader why your statement is true: It's tempting to allow your thoughts to wander or to add additional information that seems interesting.
However, this distracts from your purpose and undermines your essay. Make sure you stay on topic! Come up with a compelling title and introduction.
Your title and introduction make people want to read your essay. If your teacher is the audience, then of course your teacher will read the whole piece. However, if you're submitting to an essay contest or writing an essay for college admissions, your title and introduction have to hook the reader if you want to meet your objectives.
Skip obvious expressions such as, "This essay is about, "The topic of this essay is" or "I will now show that". Try the inverted pyramid formula. Start off with a very broad description of your topic and gradually narrow it down to your specific thesis statement. Try to use no more than 3 to 5 sentences for short essays, and no more than 1 page for longer essays. Alternatively, you might open with an anecdote or quote that sets up the importance of your topic. Every year, thousands of unwanted and abused animals end up in municipal shelters.
Being caged in shelters not only causes animals to suffer but also drains local government budgets. Towns and cities could prevent both animal abuse and government waste by requiring prospective pet owners to go through mandatory education before allowing them to obtain a pet.
Although residents may initially resist the requirement, they will soon see that the benefits of mandatory pet owner education far outweigh the costs. Summarize your points and suggest ways in which your conclusion can be thought of in a larger sense. Answer questions like, "What are the implications of your thesis statement being true?
In a sense, you are repackaging your thesis statement in your concluding paragraph by helping the reader to remember the journey through your essay. Nail the last sentence. If your title and first paragraph make the reader want to read your essay, then your last sentence makes the reader remember you. If a gymnast does a great balance beam routine but falls on the landing, then people forget the routine.
Gymnasts need to "stick the landing," and so do essay writers. Wait a day or so and re-read your essay. Get your essay done a couple of days before the due date so that you have time to go back and revise it to make it polished. Avoid turning in a first draft that you haven't double-checked for errors. Correct errors related to grammar, punctuation and spelling. Consult a style book if you are unsure how to properly use quotation marks, colons, semicolons, apostrophes or commas.
Avoid using exclamation points. Make sure you know how to use apostrophes correctly. Look for mistakes involving general punctuation. Check for run-on sentences , commas and periods inside quotation marks, as well as sparely-used dashes, colons, and semi-colons.
Remove any repetitive or unnecessary words. Vary your language with the help of a thesaurus. Also, consult a dictionary to make sure that you're using unfamiliar words correctly. At the same time, try to keep your language short, sweet, and to the point. A thesaurus is a great tool, but don't just use big words to sound fancy. The best essays are clear, concise, and easily understood by a wide audience. Focus on writing killer verbs for sentences. Verbs communicate the action in a sentence and drive the action.
A great verb can be the difference between a bland sentence and a beautiful one. Adjectives are great descriptive words, but when used indiscriminately, they can burden an essay and make it less readable. Try to let the verbs and nouns do most of the heavy lifting before you focus on adjectives.
Avoid colloquial informal writing. Do not use contractions or abbreviations e. Your essay should have a serious tone, even if it's written in a light or lyrical style. Analyze how your essay flows. Does each sentence lead smoothly to the next? Does each paragraph flow logically to the next? Although you can analyze your essay by reading through it, it's helpful to make a reverse outline, working from your essay to outline your thoughts.
When events happen in sequence: I first started to realize that I was in the minority when I was in middle school My realization was confirmed when I proceeded to high school. If sentences elaborate on each other: Plants need water to survive A plant's ability to absorb water depends on the nutrition of the soil.
When an idea contrasts with another idea: Vegetarians argue that land is unnecessarily wasted by feeding animals to be eaten as food Opponents argue that land being used for grazing would not be able to be used to create any other kind of food.
If you're relaying a cause and effect relationship: I will be the first person in my family to graduate from college I am inspired to continue my family's progress through the generations. When connecting similar ideas: Organic food is thought to be better for the environment.
Cut information that's not specifically related to your topic. You don't want your essay to ramble off-topic. Any information that doesn't directly or indirectly support your thesis should be cut out.
Have someone read your paper aloud to you. Your ears are sometimes better than your eyes at picking up mistakes in language. The essay should sound like it has a good flow and understandable words. As an alternative, you can record yourself reading it aloud and play it back.
Rewrite any problematic body passages. If needed, rearrange sentences and paragraphs into a different order. Make sure that both your conclusion and introduction match the changes that you make to the body. Compose your essay with a clear purpose. A persuasive essay is designed to sway the reader to adopt your point of view about a topic. This means it's important that your views are expressed in a clear, concise manner, which allows the reader to understand your argument.
These are good examples of persuasive essay topics you might write about: Whether governments should or should not fund embryonic stem cell research. Whether love is a virtue or a vice. Why Citizen Kane is the best movie of the 20th century. Why American citizens should be forced to vote. Write your essay as though you are conducting a debate. When you speak in a debate, you introduce your topic, list your evidence and draw a conclusion for the people who are listening. An Alternative Theory of Unions.
The Hacker's Guide to Investors. Two Kinds of Judgement. Why to Not Not Start a Startup. Is It Worth Being Wise? How Art Can Be Good. The 18 Mistakes That Kill Startups. A Student's Guide to Startups.
How to Present to Investors. Copy What You Like. The Power of the Marginal. Why Startups Condense in America. How to Be Silicon Valley. The Hardest Lessons for Startups to Learn. Are Software Patents Evil? How to Do What You Love. Good and Bad Procrastination. How to Fund a Startup. The Venture Capital Squeeze. What I Did this Summer. Return of the Mac. How to Start a Startup. What You'll Wish You'd Known.
What the Bubble Got Right. The Age of the Essay. How to Make Wealth. What You Can't Say. Filters that Fight Back. If Lisp is So Great. Why Nerds are Unpopular. Look at the blue bits below and you should be able to tell what my paragraphs will be about — two things about families and something on the personal and something on the social level. There are two main ways in which changing family relationships are responsible for more people living by themselves………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
This phenomenon is likely to be harmful to society both on the personal and social level ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. This is not always an easy skill to master. One way to make it work is just to ask yourself questions.
Here are the ones I suggest. They may look the same, but they are in fact rather different and have different purposes:. You should see that these are very general answers that state your position to the question. This will give you the red language from my examples. The answer to this question should be slightly different — it will contain more detail.
The sort of answers you should get are:. Again, you should see that this says what comes next in your paragraph. This is the blue language in my examples above. Writefix is an exceptional site for writing. It has loads of good materials. Try this as a starting place and then start browsing:. You may want to check out this resource lesson I wrote for teachers, it too has ideas you can use:.
In the first version of this lesson I described a topic sentence as a map — that was a big mistake.
Writing assignment series The Five Paragraph Essay The five paragraph essay measures a student's basic writing skills, and is often a timed exercise.
Foundations First guides students through the process of writing sentences and paragraphs with simple explanations, appealing visuals, and student-friendly examples. Kirszner and Mandell's compelling approach lets students practice grammar in the context of their own writing and helps prepare them for success in college composition and beyond.
The most convincing ideas in the world, expressed in the most beautiful sentences, will move no one unless those ideas are properly connected. Unless readers can move easily from one thought to another, they will surely find something else to read or turn on the television. The following sample IELTS essays will give you an idea of how to develop your essay topic into a well-structured, full-length hlcss.ml the essays below will help you; however, the first free sample essay “Computers and Children”, will help you in a special way as it provides two responses to the same essay – one which is good and the other which is great.
Below are some common sentences and phrases to avoid in IELTS writing task 2. These sentences have been overused in IELTS essay writing or are considered to be learned expressions which are not accepted by the examiner. IELTS writing task 2 is an academic essay but it . Nothing Good Can Come from This: Essays [Kristi Coulter] on hlcss.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Nothing Good Can Come from This is a book about generative discomfort, surprising sources of beauty.