Louis XIV lived from and became the king of France in At the time he became king, France was financially ruined, politically corrupt, and divided between warring nobles and private armies and under the threat of riots from the people, especially in Paris. Louis XIV was an absolute monarch.
Absolutism is the system of rule that allows one or more rulers to maintain absolute power over everything in the land. As absolute monarch, Louis XIV set about reforming the state politically, economically and culturally. Centralization- this meant that the monarchy was the center of everything. All decisions from the monarchy were undisputable and final. All counties and villages were expected to follow this rule to create a united state and a centralized leadership.
Colbert also supervised systematic attacks on corruption, removing, punishing, or paying off office holders. He also introduced tax reforms — ending exemptions, tax-farming, and military collection of taxes — and state support for industry, science, trade, and the arts. As regards the operations of the state, Colbert raised government income to the point when it could pay for quite massive expenses.
Government subsidizing and directing of industry and manufacture increased productivity, raised wages, and brought France into the trade wars with the English and the Dutch.
Under the theory of absolutism, sovereignty is grounded in God, not the people. The glory of the monarch is, as it were, the earthly point at which is expressed both the glory of the state — as a social whole ordered around and dependent upon the monarch — and the glory of God from whom the monarch derives power and role.
It was therefore important to show, through royal events and presentations, the state as personified by the king. One of his reforms began with the acquisition of the providence of Roussillonnais in , which was inhabited by a specific ethnic group known as the Catalans. Louis XIV understood that there can be no shared political allegiance without shared cultural values. In this, the Paris Parlement rose against the crown.
For five years, Louis would suffer fear, cold, hunger and other spirit-breaking events. He would never forgive Paris, the nobles, or the common people. Finally, in , Cardinal Jules Mazarin was able to end the rebellion.
He began to instruct Louis on his position as king. In he married the daughter of the king of Spain to bring peace between the two countries. Mazarin died March 9, On March 10, Louis claimed supreme authority in France. Not since Henry IV had such a claim been made.
He oversaw roadbuilding, court decorum, defense, and disputes within the church. He had the support initially of his ministers, then that of the French people. He had given France the image it desired-youth and vitality surrounded by magnificence.
Louis won the favor of the nobles by making it evident that their future depended on their ability stay on his good side. This weakened the nobility, and would eventually weaken France. Louis had among his supportors a wide spectrum of individuals. Writers such as Moliere were ordered to glorify him. Monuments rose throughout the country and Louis had palaces built in his honor. The most elaborate was Versailles, located outside Paris. Away from disease, Versailles also isolated the king from his people.
The aristocracy became mysterious. France was also undergoing an economic revolution. Exports were increased, and a navy, merchant marine, and police association emerged. Roads, ports and canals were being built.
He invaded the Spanish Nederlands in In , the French army retreated under pressure from Dutch and English forces. Louis swore to defeat the Dutch and ruin their Protestant mercantile republic. Louis was victorious when the Treaty of Mijmegen was signed in His navy had become as as large as that of England and Holland.
His private life was not as fortunate. Friends had been implicated in the Affair of the Poisons, where eminent people had been accused of sorcery and murder.
- Louis XIV Louis XIV was a good leader for many reasons, some of which will come out in this essay. Louis ruled with an iron fist, he didn't let anyone mess with France, and if they did, he made them suffer.
Free Essay: Louis XIV, the ruler of France from the late seventeenth century to the early eighteenth century, claimed, “I am the state.” He considered this.
Louis XIV was only four years old when he succeeded his father to the French throne. Often uncared for, he nearly drowned because no one was watching him as he. Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. Absolutism and Louis Xiv. An absolute monarch is a ruler by divine right who has control over every portion of /5(1).
Essay on Comparing King Louis XIV of France and King Philip II of Spain - The palace of Versailles was built by King Louis XIV of France and the Escorial was built by King Philip II of Spain. The two kings each had their differences about their beliefs on how to rule, yet there are some similarities. A comparison and contrast between Charles I and Louis XIV King Louis XIV: Outstanding example of absolute monarch Aim to make himself supreme in Europe Stringent religious toleration (change the Huguenots) King Charles I: Devine right of Kings (monarch’s right to rule came from God) Conflicts with Parliament forced religion Wars There is an institution as old as the world: Monarchy-Kingship.