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❶With an aim to justify their case, the majority agree that any accused individual is entitled to an attorney for consultation or granted the platform to be silent after arrest by being warned that any utterance will surely be used against them in a court of law.

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Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. Do you understand the rights I have just read to you? With these rights in mind, do you wish to speak to me? The suspect must give a clear answer to these questions.

If the Miranda Warnings has to be translated for a suspect, the translation is usually recorded. If the person says that they want an attorney, the interrogation must come to an end, until an attorney is present. At this time the person must have a chance to confer with their attorney and their attorney must be present during questioning. Also, if any evidence discovered as a result of that statement or confession will likely be thrown out of the case.

The Miranda Warnings do not have to be read in the exact order, and they do not have precisely match the language of the Miranda case as long as they are adequate and fully expressed. Law Enforcement can only ask for specific information such as name, date of birth and address without having read the suspects their Miranda Rights. Six Rules There are six rules of Miranda. The Miranda rules administers to the use of testimonial evidence in criminal proceedings that is the product of police interrogation.

Miranda right to counsel and right to remain silent are derived from the self-incrimination clause of the Fifth Amendment. For Miranda to apply, these six requirements must be fulfilled: Evidence must be gathered. Arizona, Ernesto Arturo Miranda a laborer from Mesa, Arizona was convicted on kidnapping and raping an year-old, mildly retarded woman and armed robbery charges based on his confession under police interrogation.

During the trial the Supreme Court found that the Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights of Ernesto Miranda were violated during his arrest and interrogation. To make matters worse, they violated his constitutional rights in the process.

These issues are highlighting how there were questionable tactics used to obtain the confession. To fully understand what is occurring requires focusing on: Together, these elements will illustrate how Stone's civil rights were violated during the course of the investigation.

Discuss the arguments you think Taylor will raise on Stone's behalf regarding the lineup, interrogation, and confession. There are a number of arguments which can be raised that will…… [Read More]. Supreme Court's decisions in Escobedo v. Illinois, and Miranda v. These two cases dramatically altered how police treated criminal defendants subsequent to their arrests and forced police agencies throughout the United States to develop new procedures. The reading of what have become to be popularly known as Miranda rights has become a routine part of every arrest.

Like it has in many areas of criminal procedure, the U. Supreme Court has narrowed the application of Miranda and gradually chipped away at the rights originally granted by the Court that decided the case. Two of the more significant cases were decided in when the Court allowed an exception to Miranda in the case of New York v. Quarles New York v. Quarles, so that police can use Miranda statements in situations involving public safety.

Additionally, in a companion case…… [Read More]. Legal Issue Relating to Security. Liaison The security industry has in the recent past experienced a shift towards the Hybrid approach in which contractual agency and the client create a synergy. This approach has gained considerable attention in the recent past and is commonly known as engaged liaison. Through this process, the engaged liaison creates a hybrid security system in which each of these parties have some responsibilities relating to security activities and objectives.

Security managers believe that an engaged liaison is the answer to modern security challenges because it enables relevant agencies to work together toward accomplishing specific security-related objectives. The significance of this approach is also evidenced in its creation of an organizational structure with enhanced capabilities to hire specific expertise. Changes in Supreme Court Philosophies. The ehnquist Court A common philosophical debate within the legal community is when the approach advocated by so-called 'conservative' justices often called strict constructionism is pitted against more 'liberal' and freer interpretations of constitutional words and history.

Throughout much of the 20th century, it was often said that the more liberal interpreters of the Constitution were 'winning the war' in regards to this issue, thanks to the presiding intelligence of Chief Justice Earl Warren.

The decisions of the Warren Court reflected its deep concern for the individual, no matter how lowly"…… [Read More]. Procedural Due Process the Bill. Finally, a lot of defense lawyers assist in helping men and women go free because of a technicality. On the whole however, it is a better system after the Gideon case because less innocent people are being convicted of crimes they did not commit.

In the Case of Miranda v. This case involved a burglary suspected who admitted to rape and kidnapping while in police custody. The defendant, Ernesto Miranda was sentenced to concurrent year sentences for the two crimes he confessed to. Supreme Court ruled that due to the coercive nature of questioning by the police involved, there is no…… [Read More]. Organizational Issues and Criminology Introduction- When we think of the criminal justice system in the United States, we are referring to a broad collection of federal, state, and local agencies that are focused on crime prevention and upholding the law.

In general, these agencies uphold the law at various levels, investigate crime, process the accused, compile evidence, work with the district attorney, and develop profiles and crime prevention techniques. The process of the criminal justice organization is designed to work in conjunction with the three branches of the U. Organizationally, because there are so many agencies, personalities, interpretations and goals, there tends to be either a crime control model or a due process model.

Many scholars see that this is one of the downfalls of the organization, because the tension and competition between the two viewpoints tends to cause negative issues within the system…… [Read More]. Defendants' Rights the Importance of. Some of these methods include plea agreements and the disclosure of incriminating evidence, along with witness testimony. Thus, defendants' rights do not tie the hands of officers and the courts because officers and the courts have an arsenal of ways to manage these rights and still perform their jobs.

While the myriad of rights offered to defendants in the United States may sometimes seem like ways to protect the guilty and harm the innocent, this is far from the case.

Not only are these rights necessary for protecting the defendant, along with the rest of the democratic society of the United States, but the rights can also be managed through a plethora of legal tactics on the part of the courts and police officers.

Established through the Constitution and landmark court cases, primarily, defendants' rights honor the intent of the constitution. Though it is true that some guilty defendants may…… [Read More]. Current Trends in Due Process Lawsuits. Americans are aware that they are entitled to "their day in court" but may not fully understand the full range of due process protections that are contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.

To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a discussion concerning the meaning, history and importance of the constitutional concept of "due process" as contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U. A brief discussion analyzing the conflicting positions of Justices Hugo Black and Felix Frankfurter with respect to the incorporation of American citizens' rights under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, and how these Justices' positions helped develop the concept of due process is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning due process in the conclusion.

Voluntary Statement and Corrections. Voluntary Statements In legal and criminal justice terms, as well as in their application in everyday life, there is a considerable degree of distinction between a voluntary statement and custodial interrogation. Nonetheless, there are a number of key similarities between these terms.

Both of these proceedings the issuing of a statement and an interrogation while in custody can incriminate. Moreover, it is also possible for what begins as an opportunity to issue a voluntary statement to end as an instance of custodial interrogation. One of the key differences between these proceedings is the liberty of the person issuing administration to either federal, state or local authorities.

A voluntary statement is made to the aforementioned authorities without an individual being compelled to make a statement. Frequently, voluntary statements are made at will on the part of the person making them. Individuals may choose to go to a police…… [Read More]. Right to Counsel in the United States.

Right to counsel is the civil right of an accused person to seek the aid of an individual who is an expert in the law of the land. Often when a person finds him or herself in a position where they are a defendant in either a civil or criminal court, they need to utilize the skills of someone who understands the law. The present law of the United States is that a person may employ an attorney to represent him or her in a court.

If a person is unable to afford an attorney, then counsel will be appointed to that person and paid for…… [Read More]. Petersburg, Florida police department was fatally shot while investigating a report of a suspicious person or prowler in a residential neighborhood.

After a hour search expedition, police arrested and booked year-old Nicolas Lindsey on charges of first-degree murder. Lindsey confessed to the killing in a taped statement to police shortly thereafter. CRIME] Lindsey was arraigned in court the next day, and the judge ordered that he be held in custody without bail. A grand jury which convened the following week indicted Lindsey on first-degree murder of a police officer, whereupon the state Attorney General charged Lindsey as an adult based on the seriousness of the offense and that he was over age Jury selection began on March 19, and the jury heard…… [Read More].

The Court extended the reach of federal habeas review during the later part of the nineteenth century, however, by changing the circumstances under which the lack of state court jurisdiction could be found.

Even after this shift, federal habeas courts sat not as fact finders but as guarantors of fundamental constitutional rights. Breuer, In , the Court dramatically increased the scope of habeas corpus in Frank v.

Mangum, in which the Court held that habeas relief is available whenever the state, "supplying no corrective process, In other words, the burden on law enforcement officers is high if they want to perform a search within the Fourth Amendments' protections.

The Fifth Amendment guarantees that no American "shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself. In modern times, police forces have professional standards produced by respect for the Constitution. Police realize that society in general abhors the use of involuntary confessions and wants to limit police power against individual citizens.

The Fifth Amendment also reinforces the idea that while police officers are enforcing the law they also need to follow the law and play fair. Protections Against Improper Police Behavior. Protections Against Improper Police Behavior Ladies and Gentlemen, It is important to note that in seeking to detect and prevent crime as well as when it comes to the apprehension of lawbreakers, you need to be mindful of the various protections accorded to the citizens of this country against improper police behavior.

To begin with, you need to be aware of the various protections the Federal Constitution accords the citizens of this country against any police behavior regarded improper. A good example of the said protections can be found in the Fourth Amendment. The Fourth Amendment according to Travis III "protects the homes, papers, and possessions of the citizenry from unreasonable searches. Further, still on the protections accorded to citizens by the constitution against improper police behavior,…… [Read More].

Discussed is the fourth amendment and the current policies of searches and seizures. Fourth Amendment Americans hold very dear the Bill of Rights. Among the ten amendments that make up the Bill of Rights is the Fourth, one many refer to as the most ambiguous of the all the amendments.

Search and seizure law is drawn from the Fourth and over the years the Supreme Court has come to view that its main purpose is the protection of a citizen's property and privacy. However, according to the conclusion of the Court, the Fourth Amendment does not "protect all property interests or apply to all situations where people might wish to protect their privacy. Liberal and Conservative Beliefs of Justices. Constitution centered on the power struggle between states and the creation of a federal, central government with its own court and ability to overrule state court decisions.

The Constitution pitted Federalists against Anti-Federalists. The former wanted a central government that acted as the top force over all the states; the latter wanted no central government -- because, after all, the Revolutionaries had just fought a war against a king -- why should they turn around and elect a new one? The idea of sovereign states was such that each state was its own master and local citizens could have more say in their government at a localized, grassroots level. The passing of the Constitution essentially tipped the scales towards the centralized federal government having power over all the states Brutus No.

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach. The idea of remaining silent when faced with accusation has historical religious and legal roots. Moses teachings', transformed to written form by the ancient Talmudic law had a complete ban on self-incrimination. The self-incrimination law could not be changed because it was viewed to contravene the natural instinct for survival. The ancient common law rule also had it that confusions must be voluntary.

When the right to remain silent was included in the Fifth Amendment of the U. The Supreme Court has applied three tenets in the constitution to evolve rules that govern police interrogation and the confession process. Each of these provisions has led the police to handle interrogation and confessions in varying ways…… [Read More].

Count Most Important. They also had the power to decide the merits of evidence and arguments. In the 19th century, judges gained greater control over juries and the role of juries became what it is currently; hearing evidence presented on both sides and determining the guilt or innocence of the accused.

The advantages of the jury system lie in the foundational elements articulated and supported by amendments and the Supreme Court. A speedy trial was emphasized to avoid the accused languishing in prison for extended periods of time prior to a trial, or have the accused fate put off for an indeterminate amount of time. Further, the Sixth Amendment guarantees every citizens right to an impartial jury. The intent is that the prospective juries not enter into the…… [Read More].

Retrieved from Findlaw at: Supreme Court affirmed tis standard of a burden of proof, denying it violated te petitioner Medina's rigt to due process. Retrieved from Cornell University Law Scool at: Supreme Court eld tat even if te gun went off accidentally, Dean was still liable to te mandatory minimum. Pennurst State Scool…… [Read More]. Ferguson required that the decision of the lower court be affirmed. The Court agreed with Mr. While the University of Texas School of Law "may properly be considered one of the nation's ranking law schools," Justice Vinson wrote for the Court, such could not be said for either version of the law school for African-American students d.

Moreover, Justice Vinson continued, in no way could the new institution compare with the University of Texas School of law in terms of more intangible measures, either d. Although the decision in Sweatt was a vitally important step in the creation of justice…… [Read More]. Philosophical influences on the American Constitution.

The US constitution is a supreme law guiding the conducts of government, people, and organizations in the United States. However, before the constitution came into force in , there were philosophical thinking that influenced the compilation of the American constitution. The objective of this essay is to discuss the philosophical influences on the U. John Locke was an English Philosopher and his thinking had the great impact on the American constitution.

John Locke believed that all people has alienated rights and they are created equal. John Locke was political philosopher was the early proponent of social contract theory believing that there were certain inalienable rights that people should enjoy.

Locke believed that it was people who created the government, and people could overthrow the government if they failed to protect their rights. In his philosophical thinking,…… [Read More].

Discrimination and Social Justice Issues Today. As healthcare legislation continues to be debated in the House and Senate, I would like to express my support for the continuation of one, significant policy that was instituted under the Affordable Care Act ACA , namely the idea that young people under the age of 26 should be permitted to remain on their family's health insurance policies.

The current generation of young people is graduating with more college debt than ever before and many new graduates are forced to take jobs that do not offer full benefits. The rise of freelance employment also means that many young persons may be forced to forgo jobs with health insurance.

Buying independent insurance is a significant cost, even though ensuring that young and healthy people are in the health insurance risk pool is necessary to keep overall healthcare costs low. Preventative early care can also reduce the need for more costly…… [Read More]. Exclusionary Rule in Terry vs Ohio. Ohio introduce the Terry frisk into police procedure, allowing officers to have the right to stop and frisk or do a surface search of individuals on the street even without probable cause.

All the officer would need would be to have a reasonable suspicion that the person being searched had committed, was about to commit or was in the act of committing a crime. The Supreme Court stated that the officer's suspicion had to be "specific" and able to be put into words -- that is to say, the officer could not just say he had a "hunch" that the person searched was about to violate the law: However, this Supreme Court case eventually led to the allowance of the detainment…… [Read More].

Terry vs Ohio Terry vs Ohio the. Ohio Terry Vs Ohio The issue of what constitutes a violation of the fourth amendment forms the basis of the argument in the case of Terry vs. In this case the petitioner Terry was stopped and frisked by the officer on the streets. A brief description of the situation is as follows.

Detective McFadden was walking his beat when he observed two individuals who in his opinion were "casing" the joint with the intention of robbing the place in the daylight hours. This opinion was based on his observation and years of experience Terry v. The suspects moved away from the initial area and were kept under surveillance by the detective. When the men joined a third person a few blocks away the officer identified himself as a police officer, requested the men's names and proceeded to pat down the outside of the men's clothing.

Paul Hogan has been an employee of Barnaby for the past two 2 years his main job includes tending to the animals in their cages. Court System the Basic Structure of the. Constitutions are living documents that lay down principles and rules, as well as overall functions of how law should be used within society.

Constitutions tend to be macro in scope, in that they define responsibilities between the three organs of U. Government Judicial, Legislature and Executive.

Laws are individual micro edicts that are made to define specific issues under the Constitution. The Constitution is the basic framework, or the strategic direction of law; defining relationships and allowing for reasons that are fundamental to other laws e. A Constitution defines the theoretical basis of law, while laws incorporate the process of law and allow the government and its officers to use the…… [Read More]. Health Maintenance Organization Impact on.

The implementation began in the fall of and the program was…… [Read More]. Ethics and Morality Obtaining the. He has already placed himself under a cloud of suspicion by the community, and while he still possess the same essential rights, he cannot be regarded deserving of the same attention as the boy.

Cappa's rights must be respected to the fullest because he, in so far as anyone knows, has always respected the rights of others. The temporary abridgment of Smoot's rights in order to ensure the Natural Rights of Mickey Cappa would seem to be in accord with an ideal of happiness for all.

In this kind of situation, the existence of a predator or abductor in the community represents a threat to everyone's natural rights. It is a threat that should be removed. If indeed, Sylvester Smoot is innocent, his interrogation can be viewed as means both of making sure that Mickey Cappa's rights were protected, as well as away of showing to the…… [Read More].

Works Cited Hendrie, Edward M. Retrieved August 13, at http: Works Cited Goldman, Jerry. Works Cited Escobedo v. Retrieved March 18, from FindLaw. Retrieved March 18, from BuzzFlash. A guide to the Patriot Act: Retrieved March 18, from Washington Post Online. Miranda Warning View Full Essay. United States, U. Miranda Rule View Full Essay. References Author not Available. The Failure of the Criminal Procedure Revolution. University of Pennsylvania Press, Bin Laden, and a proposal for a new Miranda exception abroad.

Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. A History of American Law. An Introductory Text for the 21st. Don't answer the door: Louisiana relaxes police restrictions for questioning non-custodial defendants.

Michigan Law Review, , Retrieved 10 July from http: Cornell School of Law. Distinguish among the following three terms: Explain the meaning and use of each. Procedural Rules are rules that govern how prosecutions are conducted. The rules, which may be Federal or State, and may also govern different types of legal proceeding, e.

The rules are designed to protect due process and ensure a fair and consistent application across the board. Essentially, Procedural Rules outline a "means" of conducting a court action. Interpretive Rules -- Used in various ways depending on Federal, State, or local, they are the Court's view of the specific rule and the interpretation of its meaning. Known sometimes as the "legal effect" test, sometimes interpretive rules suggest or even engender new law.

At times, law is so complex in specific cases or events, that a greater "interpretation" of the intent. Sources Consulted Hoover, L.

Works Cited Eidelberg, Paul. On the Silence of the Declaration of Independence. Amherst University of Massachusetts Press, Supreme Court of the United States Duncan v. April 20, http: Is it being applied?

Criminal Law Bulletin, 3 3 , The court and local law enforcement: The impact of miranda Sage, Beverly Hills, Calif. Police authority and the rights of the individual Arc Books. Works Cited Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Retrieved September 28, , from http: Tag Archive for 'Vignera v. Landmark 4th and 5th Amendment View Full Essay. Accessed 16 Dec , at: Retrieved April 28, , from Criminal Law: Retrieved April 29, , from U. United States Declaration of Independence.

Works Cited Cooke, Michael. Retrieved 26 Jan at http: The Christian Burial Case. Great American Court Cases. Bibliography Wolfgang, Marvin Crime and Punishment in Renaissance Florence.

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. Retrieved on January 11, Cornell University Law School. Retrieved on January 11, at http: Earl Warren View Full Essay.

Supreme Court March 1, City of Lago Vista, U. Supreme Court April 24, Cases on Criminal Procedure. Supreme Court August 22, References Bill of Rights. Revolutionary War and Beyond.

Introduction to security 9th ed. Conservative yet apolitical consensus building chief justice. Supreme Court upholds healthcare law , in a victory for Obama.


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Miranda v Arizona. Miranda v Arizona is a landmark case in which the United States of America gave a ruling in regards to the arrested individuals. The ruling declared that all arrested individuals should be informed about their right to a counsel and to maintain silence before they start being interrogated by the police.

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Essay on The Fifth Amendment and Miranda v. Arizona; Essay on The Fifth Amendment and Miranda v. Arizona. Words 6 Pages “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to an attorney this is what you hear on all your favorite cop shows. Essay about Miranda vs. Arizona - Miranda vs. Arizona Miranda vs. Arizona was a case that considered the rights of the defendants in criminal cases in regards to the power of the government.

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Are you looking for homework writing help on (Sample Case Study Paper on Miranda v. Arizona)?Well, you can either use the sample paper provided to write your paper or you could contact us today for an original paper. May 27,  · The facts surround Miranda V. Arizona demonstrate this change and you did an awesome job of presenting and highlighting those facts as they related to your these. I know that the Miranda Rights have been a source of controversy ever since the decision and your essay helped me to understand that, and formulate my own opinion Author: Miranda v Arizona.