On another related front, while privatization of health care is being strongly advocated, nearly all of the sex-selective abortions in South Asia are being conducted and abated by the private sector — and some of the richest and educated people in this part of the world are involved, as clients or as providers. Can this phenomenon be deconstructed without understanding the cultural determinants that sustain male child preference, cynically goaded by dowry system in marriage?
Can we possibly explain the continued marginalization of natives, aborigines and tribal people across the globe without analysing the cultural attributes of dominant occupants of the land? Culture also shapes their constructs on diagnostic categories and syndromes. It also determines their sexuality. To the epidemiologist, the question is - are our existing research methods good enough to capture this influence? It would be difficult to evolve such methods unless we are able to harness and integrate the powers of epidemiology, anthropology, and other related disciplines.
In this context, it is relevant to revisit a fact that quantitative epidemiology and qualitative methods are often acknowledged as complementary but rarely integrated. The emerging concept of cultural epidemiology is an attempt in this direction as the EMIC Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue framework has offered some partial solutions 6 , 7.
At the ideological level, there are certain unresolved issues between epidemiologists and behavioural scientists. Sociologists denounce medicalisation of public health while epidemiologists consider the culture to be merely a confounding in causal models 8. The basic premises of cultural epidemiology are based on a broad agreement with qualitative methods. Cultural epidemiology argues against reducing human cases to sets of variables. Culture is the context in which the research is performed and inferences are co-constructed.
It shapes thoughts and actions of both: Researchers may not necessarily be aware of the influences of dominant cultural ideology on the way they conduct, interpret, disseminate, and use their research. Objectivity is not value neutral, and, therefore, needs to be redefined to factor the biases associated with dominant cultural ideology and the contemporary market of knowledge.
At the very least, researchers need to acknowledge a subtle conflict of interest Human societies everywhere have had cultural constructs woven around pregnancy, birth, child rearing, marriage, sex and death. Many of these continue to influence the communities even after acculturation and rural-urban or transcontinental migration.
Religion has also a great influence of these practices and may create remarkable inter-group differences within a same regional or ethnic identity. With their merits and demerits, these have a significant bearing on reproductive and child health and need to be factored while designing health programmes that facilitate integration of traditional and modern practices. While the list of health compromising practices is very long and this may be because of a particular orientation and disease-centric nature of enquiry and evidence-base, the good practices are also sizeable in number and demand serious documentation.
Between these two distinct categories, there is a gray zone of cultural practices where one can hardly exercise any measure of certitude.
November 29, at 8: We continue our talk on Organization Structure which is the part of Organizational Policies. How does one know whether an organization should be categorized as System 1 or 2 or 3 or 4? It depends on the way following processes are perceived and rated in an organization: Employees of an organization rate these processes on a rating scale, asking questions like the following: Based on the answers to these questions, an organization can be classified as system 1 or 2 or 3 or 4.
A bureaucratic structure is likely to be rated as System 2 or System 3. A System 4 organization will have a distinct OC where the main theme would be strong involvement and self-control of all organization members at all levels in all basic organizational processes. November 28, at 6: Specific organizational policies can influence a specific dimension of OC to quite an extent.
For example, if the company policy states that layoffs will be used only as a last resort to cope with business downturn, then it would, in general, foster an internal environment that is supportive and humanistic. Similarly if you are working in a company where it is agreed that the first beneficiaries of increased profit, then the OC will be characterized by High Reward Orientation and probably by High Progressiveness and Development.
The values held by executives have a strong influence on OC because values lead to actions and shape decisions. Values add to perceptions of the organization as impersonal, paternalistic, formal, informal, hostile or friendly. You will learn more about managerial values under the topic: The design or structure of an organization affects the perception of its internal environment.
For example, a bureaucratic structure has an OC much different from a System 4 organization. What is a System 4 organization? According to Rensis Likert, all organizations can be classified into four major groups, depending upon the way basic organizational processes are conducted. These major groupings are as follows: System 1 — Exploitative Authoritative.
I don't know what your definition of an Alocholic is, but my definition is someone who absolutely craves alochol and it doesn't mean that they have to buy it in a corner store, it could be shoe polish as that contains wood alochol or it could be shaving lotion if the abuser wants to drink bad enough he or she will drink anything that has alchol in it including some cough medicines.
I hoe this answers your question, but if not feel free to contact me on my message board. Is Personality culturally inherited or determined? The set of values with which individuals were nurtured will determine the type of personality they emulate.
Human psychological programming starts from birth to approx five years of age.. The computer compares all incoming data against its programmed intelligence, in order to generate a conclusion. Each person's natural genetic programming or instincts determines most of their choices and behaviors.
This genetic programming has been compiled from the experiences and encounters of their ancestors. Each person's present set of experiences and encounters will contribute to the genetic programming of their descendents.
A person's genetics or heredity has a stronger influence over their choices than those cultures and values that are learnt. Can you determine whether a broth culture is pureall one species by visually inspecting it without a microscope? The short answer is no. Microorganisms are just that - microscopic, and the naked eye can not determine between different species, especially in a broth culture. Maybe on a plate, where the colony shapes, sizes, viscosity, and color can be determined, but a broth culture usually needs to be streaked onto a plate to determine if it is pure or not.
Definitions of determined on the Web:. In set theory, a branch of mathematics, determinacy is the study of under what circumstances one or the other player of a game must have a winning strategy, and the consequences of the existence of such strategies.
A fake that began circulating in in late ' It was supposed to be a duet with Kurt and Courtney and in my opinion it do sound a lot like Courtney, but don't be fooled - it's fake. Determined means that a person will not give up or quit even whenthings become very difficult.
If the person sets out to dosomething they will do everything they can to be sure they succeedin doing it. How does other cultures affect your culture? Other cultures can have an affect on your culture because ofglobalization. For example, the arrival of Indian immigrants inBritain led to curry becoming a national dish. Can you determine whether a broth culture is pure by visually inspecting it without a microscope? No, you cannot determine whether a broth culture is pure byvisually inspecting it without a microscope.
You can visuallyinspect an agar plate without a microscope and determine purity. Does the culture and personal beliefs of a manager determine his choice of candidate while recruiting?
This is part of what is known as the halo effect wherein you rate the overall potential effectiveness of a candidate based on your beliefs vs. This is a natural human tendancy and can be difficult for "managers" to overcome, in part due to the fact that the "manager" isn't aware they are doing it.
Determiners are things, or people, that makes decisions forsomething or someone else. They are sure to be followed by a noun.
Cultural is relating to culture or culturing. Culture is thecharacteristics of a particular group of people, defined byeverything from language, religion, etc.
If trying to determine the gram reaction of an unknown culture how many hours old would you prefer the culture to be? The most preffrable time is at least of 24 hours as it give the bacterial cells to adapt the new environment and grow in their maximam capability, also delaying from this time can cause the accumulation of some waste products like acids which can alter their outer morphological structures. So it is better if you take 24 hours old culture for better observation.
Can you determine how many different bacteria are in a mixed culture? If you really wanted to you could definitely determine how manydifferent bacteria are in a mixed culture. You would have to do alot of testing for specific bacteria though. Why do you have culture? Everyday, we changed our culture. As what i have said culture is just ordinary habit of a man. What does culture do? Culturedoesn't necessarily do anything its what you do for a living and what you wear and what you eat and basically how you live your everyday life.
What traits are culturally determine and associated with maleness and femaleness are termed? Why does culture do what it does? What is your culture?
A person's culture is a activity that people use maybe on special days, Maybe use it only with family it means LOVE. Does people's ethnic culture determine where they will live? Not at all, they could've moved, or had there culture passed down. There's many ethnic groups all over the world of the same kind. I'm part of an ethnic group and I live in the United States, my ethnic group is located in another country.
What are there culture? What determines whether a site qualifies for world heritage listing as a natural site or as a cultural site? Some of the cultural criteria for a World Heritage Site include: Some of thenatural criteria for a World Heritage Site include: Is alcohol abuse biologically determined or culturally influenced? Abusing alcohol is both Often when a young person is not confident in themselves or they want to be part of 'the in crowd' they may indulge in too much alcohol and can get addicted.
Adults that have high profile jobs in corporations, etc. What can a determination do? Determination is one the greatest assets we can possess. Determination is the tool we use to overcome temporary failure to prevent failure from becoming permanent. Determination is the tool we use to give us the will to win. Determination is the tool we use to help us win in spite of our limitations. Determination is the tool we use to dig ourselves out of a hole. Determination is the tool we use to improve our relationships.
Determination is the tool we use to reach our goals.
A culture is a set value of norms among a certain group of people, and takes them together to constitute the way these people live. In different countries of the world, culture is usually different. However, there are various known determinants of culture, and social structure is one of them.
Start studying Question 5 Determinants of culture. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Popular Culture & High Culture Popular culture is the culture that prevails in a modern society, adopted and appealing to large masses of people, normally the middle class citizens. Culture consists of the customs and civilizations of a particular group. This study was aimed at investigating basic determinants of culture that contribute to differentiate culture of export-based textile organizations from one another. For this concern, different factors (degree of frankness, language, attire, working hours, work experience, activities other than work.
As our talk on Determinants of Organizational Culture today we are going to discuss on Characteristics of Members and Organizational Size Characteristics of Members. DETERMINANTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE At the very onset of this topic, it is useful to distinguish determinants and dimensions of OC. Determinants are the causes, while dimensions are the components of OC.