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World War II/The Attack on Pearl Harbor term paper 3414

In Hindsight

❶After the bombing of Pearl Harbor occurred, of course, the Japanese failure to comply with international protocol regarding the declaration of war prior to a bombing was almost the main cause in terms of how it impacted the U.

Research Paper on Pearl Harbor

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Japans' leaders responded by resolving to seize the resources and territories of Southeast Asia, even though that move would certainly result in war with the United States. The problem with the plan was the We were sitting ducks in both instances In five pages this paper examines the bombing of the U. States government, in order that we would have to respond.

Roosevelt actually knew of the plans and did not take action to prepare the military for the Japanese attack, then this would have The fact that they went ahead with the attack was based on their assumption that the attack would elimin In fifteen pages this paper argues that the United States had more than sufficient information warning of Pearl Harbor as a target In fourteen pages this paper discusses the U.

New to eCheat Create an Account! Professionally written essays on this topic: Comparison of Pearl Harbor and September 11, Terrorist Attacks the victim in both instances, we realize the actual consequences of our unprepared state.

FDR and Pearl Harbor Knowledge Roosevelt actually knew of the plans and did not take action to prepare the military for the Japanese attack, then this would have Advanced Warning Regarding the Bombing of Pearl Harbor In fifteen pages this paper argues that the United States had more than sufficient information warning of Pearl Harbor as a target The documents downloaded from eCheat.

Students who utilize any model paper from eCheat. If he allowed his forces to be too concentrated, the mainland was susceptible to and attack from a European nation or America.

Yamamoto created a plan which involved a strong opening blow to the U. Pacific Fleet, and offensive attacks against the British, U. His main purpose was to cripple the United States while he quickly gathered the natural resources of Southeast Asia.

He hoped that his opening attack would demoralize American forces and require us to sign a peace settlement, thus allowing Japan to remain as the strongest power in the Pacific.

Only one month after the British attack on Taranto Harbor, Yamamoto reasoned that if war was inevitable with the United States he would launch a carrier attack on Pearl Harbor.

In January of , Yamamoto began to commit to his strategy, planning the attack and showing it to other Japanese officials. He developed eight guidelines for the attack, and they are as follows:. General staff members were in opposition to the attack but continued preparations despite their knowledge that the attack would be difficult. Secrecy and surprise were the two most important elements to the success of the Japanese plan.

However, the flow of information around the Japanese Imperial Naval staff was not completely secure. On January 27, Joseph C. Grew, the United States Ambassador to Japan wired Washington that he had discovered information that Japan, in the event of problems with the United States, would plan a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.

Unfortunately, no one in Washington believed this information, but if someone had, it is possible that the terrible attack could have been prevented. During this time period, American intelligence officers continued to monitor secret Japanese messages.

American scientists had previously developed a machine, whose code name was "magic," that gave intelligence officers the ability to read top secret Japanese message traffic.

Japanese consular traffic was also intercepted, which provided the United States with even more important information. Although America had enough essential information to paint itself a crystal-clear picture of Japanese intentions, there was an internal struggle between the Office of Naval Intelligence and the War Plans Division, and the information was lost in the shuffle.

In Japan, Admiral Nomura informed his superiors that he thought Americans were reading his message traffic, but no one believed him and their code was not changed.

In addition to listening in on Japanese message traffic, the United States also knew that Hawaii was full of Japanese intelligence officers. Because of our constitutional rights however, very little could be done. One such spy was Takeo Yoshikawa. Yoshikawa was a Japanese naval reserve ensign. He retired after only two years of service, then contemplated suicide. The navy offered him a job with its general staff's intelligence division, and over the next four years Yoshikawa studied English as well as the Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor.

Wisely, he did not overuse any one observation post or method as he carefully watched goings on in Pearl Harbor and Hickam Airfield. He used many different costumes during his spying years, but never illegally entered military bases or stole confidential documents. Due to American openness, he received nearly all the information he needed by legal methods.

He turned out to be one of the best sources of information for the Japanese military, but at the end of his career received neither honors nor pension, and was left asking, "Why has history cheated me?

As the United States began to fear more and more the Japanese attack, they increased peace negotiations, which occurred up until about November 27, At this time negotiations completely halted and United States troops were put on high alert. Late the same day American intelligence officers decoded thirteen parts of a fourteen part message which brought forth the possibility of a Japanese attack.

One hour later a Japanese message was decoded, instructing their embassy to deliver the same part message at 1: Upon receiving this message, Washington sent a commercial telegraph to Pearl Harbor because communications were down.

However, this message was not received until noon Hawaiian time, three hours after the bombing had been completed. At this time, Pearl Harbor was not on a state of high alert. Senior commanders had concluded that there was no reason to believe an attack in the near future is inevitable. For this reason, aircraft were left parked wingtip to wingtip on airfields, anti-aircraft guns remained unmanned, and many ammunition boxes stayed locked in storage in accordance with American peacetime regulations.

There were no torpedo nets protecting the Pacific Fleet anchorage. Because the 7th of December was a Sunday and it was early in the morning, most officers and crewmen were leisurely ashore. The Americans were taken completely by surprise by the attack. The attacking Japanese planes came in two waves, the first of which took off from carriers located miles north of Oahu around 6: This wave consisted of fighters, bombers and torpedo planes. The previous night, about 10 miles outside the entrance to Pearl Harbor, five midget submarines were launched, each carrying two men and two torpedoes.

It was their mission to remain submerged and once the attack got underway, cause as much damage as possible. Meanwhile in Pearl Harbor, the vessels of the Pacific Fleet sat calmly.

In the event that followed, thousands of lives were lost, as well as incredible amounts of American naval property. The submarine was by depth charges and gunfire, and Ward radioed the news to headquarters. Meanwhile the attack leader, Commander Mitsuo Fuchida was sending coded messages "Tora, Tora, Tora," informing the fleet that the attack had begun and that absolute surprise had been attained.

During this attack, Hickam Airfield's mess hall received a direct hit, killing 35 men who were having breakfast. While the attack on the harbor grew increasingly intense, many other United States military installations on Oahu were hit.

After about five minutes, American anti-aircraft fire began to register hits, but they did not amount to much of a resistance. After a short pause, like in the eye of a hurricane, the second attacking wave reached its targets of ships and shipyard facilities at 8: This attack brought continued destruction, and reduced the American's ability to retaliate.

However, Army Air Corps pilots managed to take off in a few fighters, and may have shot down up to ten enemy planes, but this was obviously too little too late. This created a catastrophic explosion, which ripped apart the ship's sides.

Within nine minutes the ship was sunk, taking with her 1, lives, a near complete loss. The USS Oklahoma was also hit by several torpedoes and completely rolled over, trapping inside over four hundred crew members.

One surviving crew member of the USS Arizona relives his nightmare:. I could hear shrapnel or fragments whistling past me. As soon as I reached the first platform, I saw Lieutenant Simonson lying on his back with blood on his shirt front.

I bent over him and taking him by the shoulders asked if there was anything I could do. He was dead, or so nearly so that speech was impossible.

Seeing that there was nothing I could do for the Lieutenant, I continued to my battle station A terrible explosion caused the ship to shake violently. I looked at the boat deck and everything seemed aflame forward of the mainmast I was about halfway when my strength gave out entirely. My clothes and shocked condition sapped my strength, and I was about to go under when Major Shapley started to swim by, and seeing my distress, grasped my shirt and told me to hang to his shoulders while he swam in.

We were perhaps twenty-five feet from the pipe line when the Major's strength gave out and I saw that he was floundering, so I loosened my grip on him and told him to make it alone.

He stopped and grabbed me by the shirt and refused to let go. I would have drowned but for the Major. In actuality however, they had sealed their own fates, as shortly after the attack the United Stated entered World War II and eventually defeated Japan. Although the attack caused much damage, it was not a complete success. Most of the Pacific Fleet was destroyed, but its aircraft carriers had not been in port at the time of the attack and were still afloat.

Surprisingly, Pearl Harbor was very much intact.


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- Pearl Harbor The movie Pearl Harbor directed and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer was released in This highly praised movie allows the audience to carefully watch a movie that is based on a day that started the United States' involvement in World War II.

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This is a sample essay (essay example) on Pearl Harbor. Remember, all free essays you can find publicly online are % plagiarized and can be used in instructional purposes only. Remember, all free essays you can find publicly online are % plagiarized and can be used in instructional purposes only.

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On December 7th, , Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese air force relentlessly. On that horrible day over Americans died because of that attack, and even more were injured. This cowardly attack on Pearl Harbor angered the U.S.A. and immediately brought us into the war. The U.S.A. Hiroshima Research Essay: Pearl harbor. Pearl Harbor, conducted by Japanese aircrafts was the bloody beginning of an awful war between Japan and the United States. It was an unannounced, brutal attack upon the United States naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

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The purpose of this essay is to answer the question, "To what extent was the Internment of the Japanese Americans during the Pacific War caused by the attack on Pearl Harbor?" through the analysis of the two events. Why Japan Attacked Pearl Harbor. One of the most pivotal events in US history has been the bombing of Pearl Harbor. That day, December 7th, will long be remembered as a blemish on the American naval fleet.