Support your position with reasons and examples from your own experience, observations of others, or reading. Others believe that some actions can be selfless. Admittedly, some philanthropic endeavors do appear selfless on the surface.
The issue is controversial but a closer examination reveals that most actions are dictated by selfish reasons. One reason is that each person has responsibility to maintain his own well being. If people do not take care of themselves first, they may suffer negative consequences.
For example, the German philosopher, David Throug, stated that people must be selfish because they need to protect their own life. If they truly work for others without being compensated, people would be hurt and used for others' benefits. In order to prevent self-harm, people tend to first think about how actions can help themselves.
Clearly, people's actions are determined by self interest because individuals have a duty to protect themselves. Another reason is that people enjoy the most benefits when they achieve their own goals. Thus, the incentive to help others without helping themselves is almost none existent.
To illustrate, many working individuals strive to receive promotions and climb the corporate ladder. In order to achieve their own goals, they actively try to receive recognition for their work and impress the boss.
It was a relief to find that beneath all the anxieties of daily life, anxieties propelled by rapid turnover and cliched expectations, that I had a personality. Beneath all the extraneous troubles, I had a conscience that would lead me where I needed to go. Consequently, the peril of too much ambition also became clear to me. So much of life is spent idealizing far off things that when present seem to do little to enrich my life.
The burning question of "and then what? I knew that even if all my goals and ambitions were to be at some point acquired, there would still be that…… [Read More]. Prisoner's Dilemma and the Fight. Prisoner's Dilemma situations are more common than some might actually think they are, as most people often come across them in their daily lives.
Given the fact that Axelrod has a background in political science, he observed that PD is frequently encountered in the U. Senators are accustomed to helping out their colleagues, as they are perfectly aware that their assistance will materialize in their colleagues repaying them. The help that U. One can actually claim that reciprocity is one of the most important factors in the U. However, it appears that matters in the senate were not always like this, and, that just a few decades ago senators seemed more willing to support concepts like deceitfulness and falseness instead of assisting each-other.
Surprisingly, people in the U. Senate have become…… [Read More]. Socrates vs Buddha Comparisons and. How the respective societies responded to the various ideas?
Socrates would have a dramatic impact upon society, as the various ideas he presented would become a part of the moral code that is often cited, as a part of basic sociology.
A good example of this can be seen with social contract theory. The ideas of good and justice can be directly seen with how humans react to various situations they face, either consciously or unconsciously. The underlying positive or negative experiences will shape how someone views the world around them. Those who can associate goodness and justice, to their actions will have the most positive effect, on the individual and within society.
Over the centuries, this sense moral goodness has become a part of the moral standards within Western…… [Read More]. Female Ways of Identity Shaping. In this case Ego seems at the end of her rope -- the puppet has fallen nearly to the floor and is dangling helplessly. The Emecheta images and metaphors are sometimes obvious, as this one is, but always effective.
The reader is clearly aware of Ego's initial identity, and Ego's swift feet of lightness and intensity running in the misty darkness, presents a fluid sensation -- a hoped for escape. She is running towards a new identity and when she hits the gravel road the color is of blood and water and she runs like this will be her duty forever, like someone is following her.
The image of…… [Read More]. It vs Thou Let Us. If everything is an it you end up being an it. Does this imply a cold awareness of the self as a perishable being with limited powers or does it lead you to believe you can be a perfect robot able to manipulate nature and the world according to your specific needs and desires?
Being an it means having no soul. Having no soul implies being immortal. Being immortal implies that God does not exist. At that point man-it becomes the most powerful existing agent. But reality contradicts this assumption and the failures of the man-it can do nothing more but hurt him.
Furthermore, the lack of faith and the failure of reason to provide answers regarding the questions " What is the truth? Why do I exist? Having such an attitude as a life philosophy is unhealthy and very dangerous. Dawn of Civilization the Battle. Is there such a thing as retribution, though -- or at least does evil ever regret its actions. As the story ends, Misfit seems to be thinking about goodness and probably thinking that evil is not the answer to the problems in his life.
At the end of the story Misfit regrets killing Grandma, and says that "she would have been a good woman if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life.
What are these consequences, though? Loisel would not have been so determined to rise above her station and show off, or if she had been more honest and less presumptive, she would not have spent a…… [Read More]. Criminology - Theory Understanding Crime. Certainly, the reason that some individuals become criminals has to do with biological predisposition, particularly in the case of many crimes of violence.
On the other hand, circumstances, greed, desperation, and opportunity also play an undeniable role in many crimes. Social class and exposure to deviant subcultures also contributes to criminal behavior Henslin, ; Macionis, , but even so, those risk factors do not affect everyone the same; therefore, those approaches also fail to explain crime in many cases Henslin, ; Macionis, In some ways, the recent occurrences involving ernard Madoff and several other high profile white collar criminals do not seem to fit any of the traditional criminological theories other than rational choice and possibly psychological disorder.
These perpetrators were already the recipients of the considerable benefits of social class and opportunity and were already wealthy even by contemporary American definitions of wealth before resorting to crime to…… [Read More]. Benificence the Concept of Beneficence. Indeed, businesses today pride themselves upon their charitable, humanitarian and environmental efforts. Indeed, the very concept of "social" and "corporate responsibility" is built around this.
Businesses today are recognizing the importance not only of functioning at an optimal profit margin, but also of doing so in a way that recognizes themselves as part of a larger and integrated whole in terms of human beings and the environment.
Kenneth Lux adds a further dimension to these ideas. Rather than directly disagreeing with Smith, as was my first instinct to do, Lux analyzes the specific elements in what Smith says and identifies a specific oversight. Firstly, Lux notes that Smith does not give due consideration to the paradigm of cheating. Cheating is self-serving, but does not serve the public good and is certainly not beneficial for the economy.
Indeed, if Smith's assertions about self-servitude were to be believed, not cheating would be…… [Read More]. Survival Theory Richard Dawkins' the. As this meme passed down through generations, it became more pervasive and it also became more complete.
When slavery in the New World began, both blacks and whites were enslaved, black slaves could gain freedom, and slavery was not a condition of birth. However, as that changed, the memes surrounding African-Americans also changed. Not only were blacks seen as not equal to whites, but they were seen as incapable of becoming equal to whites.
Therefore, when Jim Crow segregation was first challenged under the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court determined that separate facilities were not inherently unequal, despite overwhelming evidence that the facilities provided for African-Americans were factually inferior to those provided for whites.
While this meme has been challenged by newer ideas and has, generally, not stood up to scientific, moral, and religious challenges, vestiges of it remain in almost every American person.
As a result, many Americans, of…… [Read More]. Kidnapped Wife and the Dream. Miller's play is very similar with respect to its main theme. Joe Keller also makes an economical decision at one point in his life: As a result, twenty one of the planes crash and all the pilots die. Thus, faithful to the American Dream of prosperity and wary of his family's finances, Joe knowingly ignores the possible consequences of his act.
Years after this tragedy, Joe is still in denial, refusing to acknowledge any personal responsibility or guilt. Thus, the structure of the play is almost identical with that of the short story previously discussed. Joe refuses to take responsibility in two situations, not just one: Los Angeles The Fiction Love. Mildred tries to imitate the economical management in her own family.
Like in Faye's case, whose marriage had been a "business arrangement," her own marriage to Monty has the same business character: Mildred chooses Monty for his relations that could help her daughter to make the most of her musical talent.
Also, Mildred's other attempt in getting a husband for money is telling for the way she is constantly selling or trying to sell herself, and not only her prettiness, but also her cooking talents. The analogy between her career as a waitress, and then a restaurant manager, trying to sell food and the way Mildred tries to sell herself as a wife to ally Burgan, using the same cooking talents as a weapon, is striking.
It is here that we most clearly detect the parallel between private life and mass economy. Love, like in est's book, is nothing else…… [Read More]. In the article, entitled "Servile Disobedience," Frank states, "The rich are different from you and me T. They are ruder and less generous. They don't get what others are thinking and apparently they don't really care. Emerson saw the United States as being infected with "selfishness, fraud and conspiracy Emerson.
Galapagos the Dangers of a Self-Aware Big. Many of Vonnegut's books center around how humans believe they are the most divine creations in the universe and act from that presumption as well. The arrogance is crippling. This is a main theme in his novel, Galapagos. Yes, the end of the world may be an event that is out of humanity's control, but more than likely, humans are going to contribute to their own destruction and have no one to blame but themselves.
He values humility, compassion, and what it is to be humane, to have humane thoughts, and perform humane actions. Kurt Vonnegut writes to tell us that if humans do not become less selfish and more selfless as a species, it will be their doom. This is true for the novel Galapagos. People who lack…… [Read More]. Bell Tolls it Is a. Neither the General's instructions nor Pablo's reluctance, however deter Jordan from his commitment to the Loyalist cause.
Thus, with the aid of Pablo's courageous woman, Pilar, and his trusted guide, Anselmo, Jordan stays focused on the objective of blowing up the bridge. Indeed, Hemingway casts Jordan in the role of the archetypical war hero who is bent on accomplishing his task in spite of severe doubts over the viability of the mission and the sincerity of the Communist Loyalist leaders: Robert Jordan, therefore, is the antithesis of men like General Golz and Pablo, thereby allowing Hemmingway to highlight the difference between idealism and cynicism; selflessness and selfishness.
Besides confronting his own moral dilemmas, Jordan's mission is made more dangerous by…… [Read More]. The viewpoint being espoused expresses some wonderful ideas but fails to take into consideration the basic selfishness of man.
Expecting the kind of cooperation and dedication that would be necessary to accomplish what is being suggested in this scenario is highly idealistic. It would require the putting aside of both national interests and personal interests on a scale much larger than that necessary for the United Nations to operate.
Suggesting that this might be possible is unrealistic. In the short-term, the world's energy supply system will remain essentially as it is for the next several decades except that the demand in growth will continue due to sustained modernization in China, India and elsewhere.
This means that new sources of oil and other energy sources need to be developed alongside strides in energy efficiency. Bernard of Clairvaux and Erich. One touching simile described by Jeanie Burton in this sermon is that of a child coming into her father's room and climbing onto his lap.
When the father asked the child what he could do for her, the child merely says, nothing, I just wanted to feel close to you, father. This is exactly what one will feel for God at this stage of loving Him. This shows one's ability to get out of one's own self in order to love God just for what He is.
This is an extremely surprising and radical viewpoint, and the fact that a theologian discovered it in the twelfth century is in itself quite amazing. Jeanie Burton, the preacher of this sermon, stated that…… [Read More]. Fault and Innocence in Tillie. Yet the reader can easily piece together this scenario: That the daughter had been shuffled out of the way in favor of romance is made evident by the fact that once she returns she is severely marginalized by her mother's relationship with her stepfather.
For example, they frequently leave this little five-year-old home alone when they go out together at night -- something that by modern standards is considered abusive. In fact, Emily is obviously traumatized by this, and becomes frightened and delusional. This overwhelming fear is made worse when her mother gives birth to a second child.
When her sister is born, Emily is entirely pushed aside in favor of the newcomer. One cannot easily justify her mother's selfishness in this case. When her…… [Read More]. Romantic Monster The Human Within. Yet, we also see that he still does not understand the true origin of the beast -- the human within. The fact that he dies before he is successful, yet the monster obviously goes off to end his own fate, indicates that the evil both originated, and eventually died with him -- the true source from which it sprang.
Although it is definitely true that Hugo's famous Quasimodo is a bit more innocuous than the Frankenstein monster, he nonetheless evokes a certain horror if only in appearance. Yet, much like in Shelley's work, Hugo brings out the monster that is human nature within the other character's interactions, motivations, and actions in the story.
There is little question that Hugo fully intended Quasimodo to evoke horror in…… [Read More]. Terrorism There Are a Number. Fundamentally, the insurgents are fighting an enemy with superior weaponry, technology, and resources, so therefore, must seek avenues to mitigate these disadvantages. In other words, insurgent forces out vastly outdone in the traditional aspects of warfare, so they are forced to resort to unconventional modes of attack.
Early in his book, the Army and Vietnam, Krepinevich provides the broad game plan an insurgent force must follow to achieve final victory: As developed by Mao in China and adapted by Giap in Vietnam, contemporary insurgency is a third world phenomenon comprising three phases: Tragedy of Commons and Clean.
The solution that Hardin proposes is that of a coercive method; as always he gives a lucid example to support the point that he proposes. Hardin reminds the reader that society mutually agreed to make it illegal to rob banks, rather than appeal to the sense of responsibility to those who wish to rob banks as a means of deterring them. Bank robbers real and potential know that very immediate consequences await them, such as police chases which could end in injuries or fatalities, jail time and other comparable results.
These consequences are real and immediate because they're reinforced by the state, the judicial system and by the police force. This form of coercion prevents more people from attempting to rob banks.
Our natural resources of water need to be treated as though they're as valuable as banks filled with money. Dumping chemicals such as fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and personal care…… [Read More]. Social Psychology and the Beliefs. These ideas introduced by Freud about the psychological price paid by people living in society would later be part of the views of several other 20th century sociological…… [Read More].
Man the State and War A Theoretical. Man, the State, and War: Kenneth Neal Waltz, surveys classical and contemporary theories of the behavior of man found in the cross-discipline literature of Western civilization.
His inquiry includes the works of philosophers, anthropologists, and psychologists. The first image is that of 'Man. The second image is "the State.
The third image emphasizes international systemic factors. He depicts these factors as being in the state of "anarchy. Ethics and Leadership Forming a. The National Policy Board for Educational Administration used the ISLLC principles for accreditation, efficiently holding educational administrative training programs accountable for not only creating pre-service instructive leaders' knowledge of moral concepts and structures but also for budding their capability to apply such ideas and structures to make moral decisions that would optimistically affect the experiences of pupils.
This is in line with the fifth criterion deals with morals, saying that "a school superintendent is an educational organizer who promotes the achievement of all pupils by acting with honesty, justice, and…… [Read More]. Being Earnest This Play Is. Jack proceeds to let the audience know "…the vital importance of Being Earnest. So this bothers critic Mary McCarthy, who complained that the play has the character of a "…ferocious idyll" and insists that the only moral alternatives offered by ilde are "selfishness and servility" Parker, By "deliberately distorting actuality" ilde is actually expressing what most people can see is a "comic version of the human condition," Parker writes in the Modern Literature Quarterly.
Parker explains that though McCarthy is using standards that don't really fit with a farcical play particularly in that era , she may be onto something with her assertion that the play is about selfishness because indeed the…… [Read More].
Pope and Swift Satirists of Their Day. Swift and Pope's An Epistle to Arbuthnot, the authors seem to vindicate their use of satire, while satirizing others. Alexander Pope, in his preface to An Epistle to Arbuthnot, identifies the motivation of the poem as a response to attacks on his "Person, Morals, and Family" and to give "truer information" of himself Pope Pope warns readers that many would recognize allusions to them in it, "but I have, for the most part spar'd their Names, and they may escape being laugh'd at" Pope Swift and published it almost a decade later in After his friend Esther Johnson died, the theme of death "became a frequent feature in Swift's life" Wikipedia, Boy Nicholas Hornby's About a Boy centers on the relationship between year-old ill and year-old Marcus.
The novel is based, in part, on author Hornby's experiences teaching groups of "alienated kids" in Cambridge, England which adds to the palpable reality of the emotions in the story Knowles Both of the two males exist along on the margins of society, neither performing up to his potential because of a combination of laziness and fear, coupled with a dysfunctional home life which separates them from the majority.
Marcus, on the other hand, has been more or less forced into the margins of society because of his mother, his lack of a father, and a less than traditional upbringing. These men, or soon to be…… [Read More]. This land that can be reached by Peter Pan's nonsensical directions, "second to the right, and then straight on till morning" arrie 24 , represents an upside-down world where the codes of Victorian England can be deeply analyzed and challenged.
Moreover, arrie illustrates the unjust roles that women are forced to play through the context of the story's matriarch, Wendy Darling. Which of your works would you like to tell your friends about?
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Free Hamlet Essays: Teaching Deception and Selfishness in Hamlet - Teaching Deception and Selfishness in Hamlet The Tragedy of Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, illustrates the disintegration of not only a family but a society.
Selfishness in Ywain the Knight of the Lion Essay Words | 9 Pages Selfishness in Ywain the Knight of the Lion In Chretien de Troyes' Ywain the Knight of the Lion, there appears a substantial amount of writing about noble men and women, and noble deeds.
Yet, the mostdestructive is selfishness. People think, work and make decisions based only onwhat they want. People live as if the effects of their decisions are notimportant. Selfishness Essays: Over , Selfishness Essays, Selfishness Term Papers, Selfishness Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access.
The thoroughly selfish man aims at obtaining as much happiness as he can for himself and does not care whether other People are happy or miserable. In order to attain this object, he tries to appropriate as large a share as possible of the good things of this world. The Selfish Giant Essay. June 29th, The Selfish Giant In short story, The Selfish Giant, there are many literary elements construed. Though the paper is meant for the eyes of children, there are many motifs that the adult eye can spot.