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Abortion in the United States by state

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❶Although the vast majority of states restrict later-term abortions, many of these restrictions have been struck down.

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The regulation would have closed about a dozen abortion clinics, leaving only eight places in Texas to get a legal abortion, all located in major cities. Judge Lee Yeakel ruled that the state's regulation was unconstitutional and would have placed an undue burden on women, particularly on poor and rural women living in west Texas and the Rio Grande Valley.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Legal in case of rape. Legal in case of danger to woman's health. Legal in case of danger to woman's health, rape or incest, or likely damaged fetus. Parental notification or consent not required. One parent must be informed beforehand. Both parents must be informed beforehand. One parent must consent beforehand. Both parents must consent beforehand.

One parent must consent and be informed beforehand. Parental notification law currently enjoined. Parental consent law currently enjoined. No mandatory waiting period. Waiting period of less than 24 hours. Waiting period of 24 hours or more. Waiting period law currently enjoined.

Counselling in person only. Must offer to display image. If ultrasound is performed, must offer to display image. Other crime against fetus. Depends on age of fetus. No law on feticide. Colorado Amendment 48 North Dakota HB Archived PDF from the original on 19 June Colorado for Equal Rights. The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original on Retrieved 18 April Fallin vetoes bill that would make performing an abortion a felony". The Handbook of Texas. Texas State Historical Association.

Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 13 September Retrieved 9 Jan United States state-related lists. Third trimester or late term abortions are not legal in a number of states except in certain medical situations. Most medical communities establish 24 weeks gestation, the later part of the second trimester, as the earliest time of viability. Therefore, the availability of any procedure used in the third trimester is based on the laws of that state.

Alternatives to mifepristone regimens for medical abortion. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2: Paul M, et al. Creinin MD, et al. Medical management of abortion. Goldberg ab, et al. New England Journal of Medicine, 1: Late termination of pregnancy TOP , [1] also known as postviability abortion , [2] induced termination of pregnancy ITOP , [3] or simply abortion [4] is a termination of pregnancy that is performed during a later stage of pregnancy.

Late termination of pregnancy is more controversial than abortion in general because it results in the death of a fetus that is more developed and sometimes able to survive independently. Given the complex, gradual nature of human fetal development , the definition of "late" in this context is not precise, and different medical publications have discussed the varying gestational age points that can be involved.

A late termination of pregnancy often refers to an induced ending of pregnancy after the 20th week of gestation. The exact point when a pregnancy becomes late-term, however, is not clearly defined. Some sources define an abortion after 16 weeks as "late". Two of the JAMA articles chose the 20th week of gestation to be the point where an abortion procedure would be considered late-term.

The point at which an abortion becomes late-term is often related to the " viability " ability to survive outside the uterus of the fetus. Sometimes late-term abortions are referred to as post-viability abortions. While a single first-trimester abortion carried no more mental health risk than carrying a pregnancy to term, abortion could not be proven safe in other cases as far as mental health was concerned.

Women who terminate a pregnancy because of abnormalities discovered through fetal screenings have a similar risk of negative mental health outcomes as women who miscarry a wanted pregnancy or experience a stillbirth or the death of a newborn.

However, "the differing patterns of psychological experiences observed among women who terminate an unplanned pregnancy versus those who terminate a planned and wanted pregnancy highlight the importance of taking pregnancy intendedness and wantedness into account when seeking to understand psychological reactions to abortion.

A study from found that most women seeking late-term abortion "fit at least one of five profiles: They were raising children alone, were depressed or using illicit substances, were in conflict with a male partner or experiencing domestic violence, had trouble deciding and then had access problems, or were young and nulliparous.

For an earlier study published in , the Alan Guttmacher Institute collected questionnaires from 1, women in the United States who came to clinics to have abortions.

Of the 1, questioned, had been pregnant for 16 or more weeks. These women were asked to choose among a list of reasons they had not obtained the abortions earlier in their pregnancies. The results were as follows: The NHS records the reasons given for abortions at all stages of development. In , 2, abortions were performed at 20 weeks or above.

Of these, 23 0. As of , among the most populous countries, 54 either banned abortion entirely or permitted it only to save the life of the pregnant woman. In addition, 49 of the most populous countries were without restriction as to reason, but 44 of these imposed limits after a particular gestational age: In these countries, abortions after the general gestational age limit are allowed only under restricted circumstances, which include, depending on country, risk to the woman's life, physical or mental health, fetal malformation, cases where the pregnancy was the result of rape, or poor socio-economic conditions.

The ease with which the doctor or the committee allows a late term abortion varies significantly by country, and is often influenced by the social and religious views prevalent in that region. Some countries, like Canada, China Mainland only and Vietnam have no legal limit on when an abortion can be performed.

Wade , allow states to impose more restrictions on post-viability abortions than during the earlier stages of pregnancy. As of December , forty-two states had bans on late-term abortions that were not facially unconstitutional under Roe v. Wade or enjoined by court order. Carhart ruled that Congress may ban certain late-term abortion techniques, "both previability and postviability", [27] as it had done in banning intact dilation and extraction with the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of The Supreme Court has held that bans must include exceptions for threats to the woman's life, physical health, and mental health, but four states allow late-term abortions only when the woman's life is at risk; four allow them when the woman's life or physical health is at risk, but use a definition of health that pro-choice organizations believe is impermissibly narrow.

Eighteen states prohibit abortion after a certain number of weeks' gestation usually 22 weeks from the last menstrual period. Supreme Court held in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services that a statute may create "a presumption of viability" after a certain number of weeks, in which case the physician must be given an opportunity to rebut the presumption by performing tests.

Ten states although Florida's enforcement of such laws are under permanent injunction require a second physician's approval before a late-term abortion can be performed.

Supreme Court struck down a requirement of "confirmation by two other physicians" rather than one other physician because "acquiescence by co-practitioners has no rational connection with a patient's needs and unduly infringes on the physician's right to practice". Thirteen states have laws that require a second physician to be present during late-term abortion procedures in order to treat a fetus if born alive.

There is no sharp limit of development, age, or weight at which humans automatically become viable. After 26 weeks the rate of survival increases at a much slower rate because survival is high already.

Due to the risk of viability—and the corresponding legal implications that can come with a live birth [37] [38] —most experts recommend induced fetal demise , also referred to as feticide, for abortions after 18 to 20 weeks gestation.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


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Nonetheless, statutes conflicting with the Supreme Court’s requirements remain on the books in some states. For example, the law in Michigan permits a postviability abortion only if the woman’s life is endangered and laws in several other states ban abortion at a specific point in gestation.

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Oct 21,  · Watch video · Q: How common are late-term abortions? A: Of the more than 1 million abortions performed in the United States in , about 12,, or % happened after 21 weeks, more than half-way through a week pregnancy, according the Guttmacher Institute, a non-profit research group that supports abortion rights.

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The induction abortion with the use of digoxin injection was pioneered by late-term abortionist George R. Tiller of Wichita, Kansas, and is now widely used throughout the United States by the few abortionists who are willing to admit they do the late-term . Speeding labor at this point in the pregnancy would be considered “late-term abortion” — and the law prohibits it. Advertisement “Eventually she was just screaming at them to get the child out of her,” Daniel told The Daily Beast.

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Eleven states have already enacted so-called "fetal-pain" abortion laws similar to the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, restricting abortion at 18 or 20 weeks. Here is a breakdown of the restrictions for late-term abortion in each state and a look at how the proposed federal bill stacks up against state laws that are already in place. Share on Facebook. Opens in a new window. Share on Twitter. Opens in a new window. Email. Opens in a new window.