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Types of Descriptive Research Methods

Key Differences Between Exploratory and Descriptive Research

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What is Developmental Research? Non-Comparative Scales in Marketing Research. What is Historical Research? Selecting a Problem to Research.

The True Experimental Research Design. Research Methods in Psychology: Research Methods in Psychology for Teachers: Information Systems and Computer Applications. Devin Kowalczyk Devin has taught psychology and has a master's degree in clinical forensic psychology. This lesson explores the different ways that a researcher can understand individuals or groups of people, both in terms of psychological research as well as general research in other fields. Definitions Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people.

There are three ways a researcher can go about doing a descriptive research project, and they are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with an individual about a specific topic Let's look at specific ways we can use each of these.

Observational If I say, 'chimpanzees,' what do you think? Survey A survey comes in different flavors, be it interviewing people face to face or handing out questionnaires to fill out.

Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Case Study Case studies are a little more in-depth than an observation and typically a little more holistic. Lesson Summary Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. The three main ways to collect this information are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with the individuals about a specific topic Learning Outcomes After watching this video lesson, you might be able to: Realize the purpose of descriptive research Mention three ways to do descriptive research Emphasize two types of observational research Note the contrasts between case studies and observations Highlight ways of performing survey research.

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You are viewing lesson Lesson 1 in chapter 5 of the course:. Research Methods in Psychology 16 chapters lessons 12 flashcard sets. Setting Up the Research Data Collection Techniques in Qualitative Research Methods and Tutoring Solution Research Methods in Psychology: Certificate Program Research Methods in Psychology: Help and Review Introduction to Psychology: What is Auditory Processing Disorder?

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You will also be able to: Thus, descriptive research cannot be used as the basis of a causal relationship , where one variable affects another. In other words, descriptive research can be said to have a low requirement for internal validity. The description is used for frequencies , averages and other statistical calculations. Often the best approach, prior to writing descriptive research, is to conduct a survey investigation.

Qualitative research often has the aim of description and researchers may follow-up with examinations of why the observations exist and what the implications of the findings are. In addition, the conceptualizing of descriptive research categorization or taxonomy precedes the hypotheses of explanatory research. Descriptive research is also known as Statistical Research. The main goal of this type of research is to describe the data and characteristics about what is being studied. The idea behind this type of research is to study frequencies, averages, and other statistical calculations.

Although this research is highly accurate, it does not gather the causes behind a situation. Descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better understanding of a topic.

That is, analysis of the past as opposed to the future. Descriptive research is the exploration of the existing certain phenomena. An error occurred trying to load this video. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

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Want to watch this again later? What is Developmental Research? Non-Comparative Scales in Marketing Research. What is Historical Research? Selecting a Problem to Research.

The True Experimental Research Design. Research Methods in Psychology: Research Methods in Psychology for Teachers: Information Systems and Computer Applications. Devin Kowalczyk Devin has taught psychology and has a master's degree in clinical forensic psychology.

This lesson explores the different ways that a researcher can understand individuals or groups of people, both in terms of psychological research as well as general research in other fields. Definitions Sometimes an individual wants to know something about a group of people.

There are three ways a researcher can go about doing a descriptive research project, and they are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with an individual about a specific topic Let's look at specific ways we can use each of these.

Observational If I say, 'chimpanzees,' what do you think? Survey A survey comes in different flavors, be it interviewing people face to face or handing out questionnaires to fill out. Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Case Study Case studies are a little more in-depth than an observation and typically a little more holistic. Lesson Summary Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way.

The three main ways to collect this information are: Observational , defined as a method of viewing and recording the participants Case study , defined as an in-depth study of an individual or group of individuals Survey , defined as a brief interview or discussion with the individuals about a specific topic Learning Outcomes After watching this video lesson, you might be able to: Realize the purpose of descriptive research Mention three ways to do descriptive research Emphasize two types of observational research Note the contrasts between case studies and observations Highlight ways of performing survey research.

Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study. Become a Member Already a member? Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page Transferring credit to the school of your choice Not sure what college you want to attend yet?

Browse Articles By Category Browse an area of study or degree level. How to Become a Beauty Therapist: Summary of How to Become a Paramedic. You are viewing lesson Lesson 1 in chapter 5 of the course:.

Research Methods in Psychology 16 chapters lessons 12 flashcard sets. Setting Up the Research Data Collection Techniques in Qualitative Research Methods and Help and Review Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution Introduction to Psychology: Certificate Program Research Methods in Psychology: Browse by Lessons Interpersonal Therapy: Tutoring Solution Clinical Assessment: Tutoring Solution Introduction to Anxiety Disorders: Tutoring Solution Stress Disorders: Latest Courses Computer Science Network Forensics Computer Science Latest Lessons Getting Started with Study.

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Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.

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Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study.

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Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable. Moreover, “descriptive studies may be characterised as simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what is, while analytical research attempts to establish why it is that way or how it came to be” [1]. The descriptive research method refers to the method used to describe data and characteristics used to describe the population. The purpose of using the descriptive research method is to acquire accurate, factual, systematic data that can provide you with an actual picture of the data set that you are reviewing.

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Descriptive research is commonly used in social sciences to study characteristics or phenomenons. Also known as statistical research, researchers look into the frequency, average or other qualitative methods to understand a subject being studied. of Descriptive Research. The following module provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of using descriptive research. Learning Objectives: Describe the advantages and benefits of using descriptive research methods. Describe the disadvantages and limitations of using descriptive research methods.