This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of documentation but offers slight modifications suited to student texts. The Chicago NB system is often used in the humanities and provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through footnote or endnote citation in their writing and through bibliography pages.
It also offers writers an outlet for commenting on those cited sources. The NB system is most commonly used in the discipline of history. The proper use of the NB system can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the intentional or accidental uncredited use of source material created by others.
Most importantly, properly using the NB system builds credibility by demonstrating accountability to source material. In the NB system, you should include a note endnote or footnote each time you use a source, whether through a direct quote, paraphrase, or summary. Footnotes will be added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, and endnotes will be compiled at the end of each chapter or at the end of the entire document. In either case, a superscript number corresponding to a note with the bibliographic information for that source should be placed in the text following the end of the sentence or clause in which the source is referenced.
If a work includes a bibliography, which is typically preferred, then it is not necessary to provide full publication details in notes. If you cite the same source again, or if a bibliography is included in the work, the note need only include the surname of the author, a shortened form of the title if more than four words , and page number s.
However, in a work that does not include a bibliography, it is recommended that the full citation be repeated when it is first used in a new chapter. In the NB system, the footnote or endnote itself begins with the appropriate full-sized number, followed by a period and then a space. In the NB system, the bibliography provides an alphabetical list of all sources used in a given work.
This page, most often titled Bibliography, is usually placed at the end of the work preceding the index. It should include all sources cited within the work and may sometimes include other relevant sources that were not cited but provide further reading. Although bibliographic entries for various sources may be formatted differently, all included sources books, articles, websites, etc.
If no author or editor is listed, the title or, as a last resort, a descriptive phrase may be used. Though useful, a bibliography is not required in works that provide full bibliographic information in the notes. All entries in the bibliography will include the author or editor, compiler, translator , title, and publication information.
If an author is not listed first, this principle applies to compilers, translators, etc. Titles of books and journals are italicized. Titles of articles, chapters, poems, etc. Please note that this OWL resource provides basic information regarding the formatting of entries used in the bibliography.
Purdue Online Writing Lab. Research and Citation Chicago Style. Your thesis statement is the most important part of the entire paper, and everything you assert in the body of your paper should support your thesis.
Your thesis should be precise and concise and tell the reader why your ideas are important. All of the points in your outline should reflect what's found in your thesis.
The points of your outlines do not need to be in complete sentences, so they do not require punctuation. You should, however, capitalize at the start of each point.
Your first Roman numeral should be your thesis statement. Roman numerals indicate important points that support your thesis. Each Roman numeral will end up being a new paragraph in your paper. Every Roman numeral you use should be on its own line. Capital letters followed by periods will support the ideas stated in your main points.
Use capital letters underneath the Roman numeral when listing these ideas. Your idea must support the Roman numeral it is under, which in turn will support the thesis.
You must indent one space past the Roman numerals for the capital letters. When outlining a thesis paper, you will likely need more categories to demonstrate your ideas. The "Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition" has a precise format you need to follow when structuring these subordinate ideas.
After a capital letter, drop down a line, indent, and use regular, or Arabic, numbers followed by a period. Below this, use lowercase letters followed by a period and then lowercase letters followed by one parenthesis.
The "Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition" has a specific style you should follow to make your outline. Choose a Thesis Statement Your thesis statement is the most important part of the entire paper, and everything you assert in the body of your paper should support your thesis.
Outline the Paper Search this Guide Search. Research Process: A Step-by-Step Guide: 4b. Outline the Paper APA Style with Examples Chicago/Turabian Style with Examples 5e. MLA Style with Examples 5f. Other Citation Styles.
Here is a sample Chicago style paper for your review, courtesy of University of Washington, writing and research center. This Chicago paper has 10 pages so. Q. When creating an outline for a research paper, does each object in the list regardless of hierarchy need to be a complete sentence? A. In Chicago style, outline entries should be grammatically parallel whether they are all sentences or all fragments.
Use this template for writing papers for Art classes. Download this Guide: Chicago Manual Paper hlcss.ml Chicago Style The usage of Chicago style is prevalent in academic writing that focuses on the source of origin. This means that precise citations and footnotes are key to a successful paper.