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Federalist No. 10: Summary & Significance

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❶War between the States, in the first period of their separate existence, would be accompanied with much greater distresses than it commonly is in those countries where regular military establishments have long obtained. War, therefore, would be desultory and predatory.

by James Madison

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Federalist Essays No.47 - No. 51
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The Federalist Papers 10 and Factions are bad news to a just government. They end up causing instability, injustice, and confusion. Lots of governments have fallen to one group gaining too much power over the whole.

Sadly, America also has factions. Try not to panic. People are worried that the common good is being ignored in favor of the conflicts between rival factions.

Not only that, but also the rights of the minor party are getting steamrolled by the power of the majority. But what are factions, anyways? They're a group of citizens, however big or small, who are united by a specific interest that puts them against another group of citizens and their specific interests. There are two ways to stop factions: Remove its causes, or control its effects.

The downside to the first thing is that factions are a by-product of having opinions in general and the freedom to express them. You can't go into someone's brain and get rid of their opinions—in maybe, but at least not in —and getting rid of people's freedom of expression kind of flies in the face of the whole democracy thing.

It would be like launching your house into space to put out a fire. Fire can't burn without that pesky oxygen pesky freedom, in this analogy , but you also need oxygen to breathe. Madison believed that factions are unavoidable because men, by nature, seek out other men who hold similar opinions and desires. However, he feared factions that held negative ideals and worked against the best interests of society.

One of the most popular contemporary interpretations of Paper 10 takes the advice on factions to extend to political parties in general. By this token, Madison suggests that political parties are dangerous because they can work against the public, but he sees no way to halt them from forming. Instead, he suggests a representative republic form of government where men vote for representatives who vote for laws.

Choosing that form instead of a direct, true democracy ensures that the factions that gain power will not have the ability to harm the rights of others.

The paper itself suggests that the government must either limit the forming of factions or control their effects. He says that the only ways to prevent the forming of factions are to eliminate liberty or to create a homogenous society, and since both are impossible, the government must choose to control the effects of the factions.

In summary, Madison wrote Federalist Paper 10 to argue that a representative republic system will prevent factions from attaining too much power and going against the best interests of the public. What is a summary of Federalist 10?

Federalist Essays No.10 - No.17

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A free, easy-to-understand summary of The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 that covers all of the key plot points in the document.

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The Federalist Papers study guide contains a biography of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

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Summary of Federalist Paper 10 of The Federalist Papers 10 and Get a line-by-line breakdown of this section of the text to be sure you're picking up what The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 is . Summary. Madison begins perhaps the most famous of the Federalist papers by stating that one of the strongest arguments in favor of the Constitution is the fact that it establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions.

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Home / Founding Documents and Resources / Primary Source Documents / The Federalist Papers / Federalist Papers No. 51 Federalist No. 51 () In this Federalist Paper, James Madison explains and defends the checks and balances system in the Constitution. Analysis of Federalist #51 Federalist #51 is the last of 15 essays written by Madison on “the great difficulty” of founding. There are 10 paragraphs in the essay.