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Writing a Research Paper

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Include research title, author, date, and names of mentor and committee members in the style appropriate to the relevant style guide APA or MLA. The "Abstract" should be a block of text without indents. Indicate this by instructions of how to maintain formatting, a suggestion of how to start, what content it should include and a visual representation of size and space that the information should occupy.

Information should include the main points of the report, such as the problem question, identification of participants, methods and results, conclusions, implications and recommendations. List all headings and subheadings in a "Table of Contents" section. Include a separate list of tables and figures. Hyperlink each heading and subheading to its specific location in the body of the report. Provide specific instructions on how to replace headings without losing hyperlinks. Give an example of a possible introduction.

Write all text in the specific format and include instructions for maintaining formatting properties for electronic templates. Under the headings "Background," "Method," "Results," "Analysis," "Discussion," "Conclusions and Implications" and "Recommendations," provide instructions on what to write under theses headings with appropriate examples and instructions on how to re-format if the formatting was inadvertently lost when typing or cutting and pasting information into the template.

Basically, your outline will constitute three main sections: But to make sure your paper is complete, consult your instructor for specific parts they wants to be included in your research paper. Sample outlines for research papers will follow. The introduction should contain your thesis statement or the topic of your research as well as the purpose of your study. You may include here the reason why you chose that particular topic or simply the significance of your research paper's topic.

You may also state what type of approach it is that you'll be using in your paper for the entire discussion of your topic. Generally, your Introduction should orient your readers to the major points the rest of the paper will be covering, and how.

The body of your paper is where you will be presenting all your arguments to support your thesis statement. Start with a strong argument, followed by a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument as your final point. The conclusion is where you form a summary of all your arguments so you can arrive at your final position. Explain and reiterate why you've ended up with the said conclusion. As mentioned earlier, here are some sample outlines for research papers:. Shakespeare Adapted from AResearchGuide.

Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. If you are writing a humanities or social science essay you can find more literary ways to begin your introduction and announce the topic of your paper.

It is common for humanities essays in particular to begin with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that points to the topic of the research. This is a variation of the "inverted triangle" technique and can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style. If you use an anecdote ensure that is short and highly relevant for your research. It has to function in the same way as an alternative opening, namely to announce the topic of your research paper to your reader.

For example, if you were writing a sociology paper about re-offending rates among young offenders, you could include a brief story of one person whose story reflects and introduces your topic. This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different. Include a brief literature review. Depending on the overall length of your paper, it will be necessary to include a review of the existing literature already published in the field.

This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area.

You should aim to indicate that you have a broad knowledge, but that you are engaging in the specific debates most relevant to your own research. It is important to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion. A strong literature review presents important background information to your own research and indicates the importance of the field.

Use the literature to focus in on your contribution. A concise but comprehensive literature review can be a very effective way to frame your own research paper. As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward.

You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward. Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance. The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field.

For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used.

Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction. State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses. The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader.

An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy? A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement. This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic.

If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing. In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible.

Outline the structure of your paper. In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper. This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in your discipline. In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities. Sample Research Introduction Starters.

There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity. Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis. You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important points in the paper and some background information, if necessary.

Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences. Get to the point and don't make it too wordy. Not Helpful 13 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates.

How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others. They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e.

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Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so .

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pdf version of this page This review covers the basic elements of a research report. This is a general guide for what you will see in journal articles or dissertations. This format assumes a mixed methods study, but you can leave out either quantitative or qualitative sections if you only used a single methodology. This. HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission.

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Writing a Research Report: Getting Started • Writing is an iterative process. – Therefore you do not have to start at the beginning! Whatever you do. Just start writing! Writing a Research Report. A research report template can be digital or paper based; the basic content areas remain the same. Headings with spaces for content below should include an abstract, introduction, background, literature review, method, results, analysis, discussion, conclusion and .